To ensure accountability, the companies in the specified area should conduct soil research at least once annually and release the information to the public. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. […] To ensure the sustainability of the project, the individuals and companies that pollute the soil should be held responsible for the treatment and remediation costs. ii. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. Weeds soak up minerals in the soil. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? (And 5 Ways to Dispose of), Is Junk Mail Recyclable? Although much concern over the years has been on air and water pollution, prevention and control of soil pollution are as important as air and water pollution control. Poor utilization of land is a major concern in the prevention and control of soil pollution. In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. The land pollution can be controlled by following methods: (i) Planned afforestation helps in preventing soil erosion. Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. If the results show the reclaimed land is polluted, any scheduled activity on the land must be suspended and the responsible body must take the necessary precautions to not only manage and mitigate the risks but to also prevent the contamination of adjacent soils. Strengthening data sharing and establishing the pattern of sharing will help in guaranteeing immediate solutions when the need arises. Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. Acidic and alkaline waste, for example, can be neutralized before they are disposed of to avoid soil contamination. Unfortunately, over the years, human activities like the use of pesticides, fungicides, and herbicides have had an adverse effect on soil quality. Proper management of agricultural land and the practice of organic farming, 5. The effort should also include promoting research on common technologies that relate to soil pollution diagnosis, research, and development of advanced data collection and mapping equipment, and soils contamination risk management and control. Pollution prevention is a major global concern because of the harmful effects of pollution on a person’s health and on the environment. The soil is an integral part of the natural environment. In its organic form, manure has few negative effects on the ecological system. This prevents light from reaching the weeds, which kills them. 3. Soil Pollution Control Technique Caused by Lea d Existing in It . 31 of the State Council) Soil is material basis of economic and social sustainable development, concerning both human health and the process of building of a beautiful China. Recycling paper, plastics and other materials reduces the volume of refuse in landfills, another common cause of soil pollution. In case of change of the responsible subjects, the party that inherits the debt and rights should be held responsible. Strengthen policies that manage pollution sources, Are Egg Cartons Recyclable? Furthermore, the soil acts as a source and a store for gases. (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? This should be implemented by making a layout plan that should include close supervision on the soil environment including regular information updates. When waste is not disposed properly. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control … The following steps have been suggested to control soil pollution. Improper disposal of industrial waste, drainage from homes and improper disposal of trash further contaminate the soil. (ii) Use of biofertilizers and natural pesticides help in minimizing usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The development of cooking industries and non-ferrous metal metallurgy industries in close proximity residential areas and virgin soils should be prohibited. The following measures may be suggested to control soil pollution: 1. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and … Ensure proper investigation of reclaimed land, 71+ Shocking Facts About Pollution That are Seriously Eye-opening, 6. Fungi are used to fight lead existing in so il, because, satisfactory and good reports have been received both in . We can control daily waste coming out of our house. Furthermore, through legislation, the government should phase out production facilities that use traditional industrial production methods and agricultural practices that harm the soil. Extraction of pollutants via thermal remediation – the temperature is raised in order to force the contaminants into the vapour phase, after which they can be collected through vapour extraction. Reducing weed growth helps reduce soil pollution. It is also necessary to strengthen the management of soil environmental information to ensure broadened and dynamic data update. Another way is through the establishment of soil environmental quality monitoring networks to ensure improved monitoring frequency. It is very difficult to pin point the exact effects of soil pollution on humans, animals or even plants, yet the effects are out there for everyone to see. © 2019 www.azcentral.com. This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. (And Uses of Old Egg Cartons), 8. The government should integrate the resources from various research institutions and universities to support relevant research on soil environmental capacity and ecological effects of soil contamination among other possibilities. Farmers must ensure that they use bio-fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers. Soil pollutants reduce nutrients values in the soil. Open dumping is the most often practiced. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. (And 6 Clever Ways to Reuse Old Keys), Can You Recycle Shampoo Bottles? To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below. Develop necessary legislation on soil pollution control, Advantages and Disadvantages of Natural Gas Energy, 3. Control for solid waste disposal. The mechanical procedures to control soil pollution involve the implementation of contour holding methods, bunds, and gully control. Farmers should use organic fertilizers such as manure and adopt the integrated pest management strategy to ensure soil’s health. What Are Some Practical Applications of Using UV Light to Control Microbial Growth? Embrace technological research and development, 10. In order to properly control and prevent soil erosion, it is paramount that every stakeholder understands the baseline of soil environment quality, which can be done by carrying out sensitizations and surveys on soil pollution. Forests also play an important role in preventing soil erosion. Developing forests in new areas can help reduce erosion caused by rainwater and air thus ensuring increased soil fertility and formation. It is cheaper to prevent soil pollution than it is to manage polluted soil and thus, the appropriate objective should be protecting new soil. Action Plan for Prevention and Control of Soil Pollution (No. When dealing with land that is expected to be reclaimed and used for other purposes such as the construction of residential homes or social amenities like schools as it is in the case of mining, there is need to conduct soil investigation and evaluation. Biofertilization is a process in which certain microorganisms are used to increase the fertility and growth capacity of soil. The government should also put in place measures to ensure electronic wastes and heavy metals do not contaminate the soil. To help prevent soil erosion. To ensure sustainability in the prevention and control of soil pollution, research on soil pollution prevention and control should be advanced by strengthening technological research. All rights reserved. The crop related control measures include crop rotation, strip cropping, planting along the contours, protector belt, crop residues, and use of organic composts. De-forestation, the cutting down of trees, causes erosion, pollution and the loss of fertility in the topsoil. Here are 15 ways to prevent and control land pollution. Pollution of soil is having a devastating effect on the agriculture land as well as people consuming products grown in such land. These substances decrease soil fertility by reducing its mineral content. Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotics (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. They also adversely affect plant and animal growth. Soil pollutants will hinder the provision of habitats, nourishment, and protection for plants and However, to ensure consistent results, the technical requirements for the survey should be formulated including the frequency of when the survey should be conducted. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. The consumerist in us must reduce and the conservationist must increase. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Here are 10 magnificent ways for prevention and control of soil pollution. Land pollution means degradation or destruction of the earth’s surface and soil, directly or indirectly, as a result of human activities. In agricultural land management, ideal soil conservation methods include mechanical and biological control techniques. The relevant authorities should also proactively look for potential risks and point out the alternatives for minimizing the risks. Health hazard disposal of urban and industrial wastes. Proper Treatment of the Solid Waste: I t is vital to properly treat the solid waste before disposing and releasing it into the environment. (iii) The principles of three Rs, namely, Recycle, Reuse and Reduce help in minimizing generation of solid waste. (And Ways to Dispose of), Are Keys Recyclable? Hardier indigenous plants are now being grown again in the place of the hybrid ones. Land pollution is the degradation of Earth’s land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources. Get a better understanding of the soil environment quality baseline, 2. A great example is the proper treatment of sewage sludge. Legislations on pesticide management, contaminated sites management, and farmland soil management should as well be updated. It is important to dispose of solid waste properly by treated it before it’s released into the environment. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. 2. Ways to Control Soil Pollution: Since it is not safe to use soil that is polluted, we have to find ways to control soil pollution from affecting our day-to-day lives. Dumping of unwanted materials properly: Excess waste from animals and unwanted materials from man cause a disposal problem. The deposition of wastes should be done in a proper manner and the sewage sludge from the factories should be treated before reaching the ground. Much research and technological advances are helping to control soil pollution. Promote objective assessment and accountability among all stakeholders, After the Arctic, Thawing of Antarctica Glaciers Could Also Be Irreversible, The UK’s Problem With Recycling and How it is Being Addressed, environmental capacity and ecological effects, Can You Recycle Frying Pans? Land pollution has a very negative impact on the health of plants, humans and animals. 1. Supervision of unutilized land is also key. To ensure long term success in the prevention and control of soil pollution, all stakeholders’ role in the implementation of the soil pollution control should be clear. Soil pollution control 103 98. At the same time, the government should take stronger measures against people, businesses, and companies that breach the policies. Soil Pollution Control • When pollutants or chemical wastes are released on soil surface, they will be absorbed onto the organic mineral matter of the soil. Before disposing the industrial wastes in the soil, the toxicity of it must be reduced. In excessive sloping areas, making bunds across the slope helps to prevent erosion. It also influences the flow of chemical substances and water between the earth and the atmosphere. iii. De-forestation or the cutting down of trees … Before any new land is used, thorough research should be conducted to ensure whether the land is suitable for the intended use. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. Other common methods of preventing soil pollution include reforestation and recycling of waste materials. Control measures of soil pollution: Proper dumping of unwanted materials: Etra wastes by man and animals is a disposal problem. It occurs: ADVERTISEMENTS: i. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper:Environmental pollution - water & soil. Soil pollution is the addition of toxic and harmful chemicals, salts, microorganisms and radioactive elements to the soil layer. 2. The waste materials should also be categorized based on the degree of contamination. • Pollutants in the subsurface may be: Dissolved in GW in the saturated zone. Production of natural fertilizers: Bio-pesticides should be used in place of dangerous chemical pesticides. Pesticides and fungicides are essential for plant growth but their overuse has led to soil pollution. Go organic: organic farming uses no … Bio-fertilization and manures should be used instead of their chemical alternatives. The results from the test should then be used in establishing practical management and control measures depending on the purpose of the land. Tips to Prevent Soil Pollution. All tasks should be defined and inter-departmental cooperation and coordination should be strengthened to ensure seamless implementation and immediate resolutions focused towards correct disposal of garbage, proper treatment of sewage sludge, minimized the use of agro-chemicals, reforestation, construction of drainage systems, and strengthening chemical use related laws. Various steps suggested in order to control soil pollution are as follows: Reducing chemical fertilizer and pesticide use: As the soil erosion has become a major cause of concern we need to adopt the three R's: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle in … Development of such pesticides should be encouraged, which may save crops from pests and rodents but should not contaminate soil with toxic chemicals. Prevention and control measures of soil pollution - definition The following measures should be taken to prevention of soil pollution- 1. There are different measures for the prevention and control of soil pollution, some of which are listed below: 1. Soil pollution is a disruptive element for many biological resources and ecosystems. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Surrounding soil should also be monitored on a regular basis to ensure the soil is not contaminated. The mandate of testing the contamination levels of such lands should be given to the city or government unit in charge. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the sources, effects and control of land pollution! In fact, soil can impact on air and water quality as it is home to a wide range of organisms and plays a bigger role in the distribution of plant species. A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals. (And How to Keep Them Away), Do Deer Eat Peonies? 2. Promoting sustainable agricultural practices, asking governments to develop policies to reduce the use of harmful chemicals and to prevent and control soil pollution are actions that can be taken now. The mechanical method of soil pollution control includes the use of contour holding system, gully control, and making bunds. The government should make an effort to improve the quality of soil through pollution treatment and remediation. If you're concerned about land pollution, there's a lot you can do in your home and community to slow this environmental problem. The best way to control soil pollution is to strictly control the mining and industrial pollutants. Manure, meanwhile, is always considered preferable to pesticides. In addition to agricultural pollution, industrial waste and urban activities also cause soil pollution. (And How To Keep Them Away). NPCSC Adopts E-Commerce Law, Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law & Amends Individual Income Tax Law (Sept. 3, 2018) NPCSC Session Watch: Separate Parts of Civil Code, Tax Bills, Criminal Procedure, and More (Aug. 17, 2018) NPC Standing Committee … Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. Materials that are mildly or moderately contaminated should be treated in controlled environments before release into the natural environments while those that are heavily contaminated should be put under strict management, treatment, and control. Biodegradable waste should also be broken down in a controlled environment before it is released into the environment. There should also be put in place stringent measures against those who dump harmful or poisonous substances to the mudflat, sand, swampland, and salt marshes as well as those who discharge pollutants illegally. Combatting soil pollution requires a sustained effort to prevent further issues and to mitigate existing pollution. The following measures should be taken to prevent soil pollution: Arrangements for collection, and disposal of garbage should be tightened. Presently, the most commonly practised technique is open dumping and this causes soil pollution. Furthermore, measures should be put in place to promote continuous improvement of soil pollution control standards. When the soil is contaminated, it negatively affects the ecological system as plants and microorganisms may struggle to adapt to the change in the chemical composition of the soil. Use of pesticides should be minimized. Control of soil pollution. Instead, the state should encourage enterprises to adopt better methods of production, organic farming, and new technology as it would be helpful in ensuring proper treatment of wastes and the reduction in harmful chemical products. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and industrial effluents etc should be recycled and reused. The biological method refers to forestry and crop-related soil management. Below are five ways to control land pollution:-* Better agriculture practices. Transfer treatment and remediation costs to polluting companies, 9. One of the more common methods of reducing weed growth is covering the soil with numerous layers of wet newspapers or a plastic sheet for several weeks before cultivation. The process reduces the need for pesticides and fungicides. Planting trees--or re-forestation--helps prevent soil erosion and pollution. Designated pits should be used for the dumping of soil wastes. In areas with excessive pollution or surface degradation, reforestation should be done. The organic waste from houses and hospitality industry can be used to prepare humus. (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? 1. In general we would need less fertilizer and fewer pesticides if we … Governments are also encouraged to enhance spatial planning and management based on the capacity of environment and soil. 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