Soil pollution is a big problem, but steps are being taken to control it. 104 99. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper: Environmental pollution - water & soil. Transfer treatment and remediation costs to polluting companies, 9. Measures To Control or Reduce Soil Pollution at Glance. Soil pollutants reduce nutrients values in the soil. The best way to control soil pollution is to strictly control the mining and industrial pollutants. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. Much research and technological advances are helping to control soil pollution. The effort should also include promoting research on common technologies that relate to soil pollution diagnosis, research, and development of advanced data collection and mapping equipment, and soils contamination risk management and control. In fact, soil can impact on air and water quality as it is home to a wide range of organisms and plays a bigger role in the distribution of plant species. The following steps have been suggested to control soil pollution. When waste is not disposed properly. De-forestation, the cutting down of trees, causes erosion, pollution and the loss of fertility in the topsoil. In areas with excessive pollution or surface degradation, reforestation should be done. All rights reserved. (And 5 Ways to Dispose of), Is Junk Mail Recyclable? Land pollution has a very negative impact on the health of plants, humans and animals. Develop necessary legislation on soil pollution control, Advantages and Disadvantages of Natural Gas Energy, 3. It is very difficult to pin point the exact effects of soil pollution on humans, animals or even plants, yet the effects are out there for everyone to see. Here are 10 magnificent ways for prevention and control of soil pollution. Pesticides application on crops directly affects non-target organisms, soil health and also reaches to water bodies by leaching from the soil. Dumping of unwanted materials properly: Excess waste from animals and unwanted materials from man cause a disposal problem. The results from the test should then be used in establishing practical management and control measures depending on the purpose of the land. It is important to dispose of solid waste properly by treated it before it’s released into the environment. Or the plastic waste generated daily by the high consumption of junk food and other inorganic products. (And Uses of Old Egg Cartons), 8. Subject:Environmental Sciences Paper:Environmental pollution - water & soil. Ways to Control Soil Pollution: Since it is not safe to use soil that is polluted, we have to find ways to control soil pollution from affecting our day-to-day lives. Biological treatment involves the use of anaerobic microorganisms, such as methanogens and acetogens, which help break down the soil wastes into a less toxic and biodegradable form. Designated pits should be used for the dumping of soil wastes. Improper disposal of industrial waste, drainage from homes and improper disposal of trash further contaminate the soil. Farmers are opting for more traditional organic methods of farming to reverse the damage caused to the lands. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. Legislations on pesticide management, contaminated sites management, and farmland soil management should as well be updated. (ii) Use of biofertilizers and natural pesticides help in minimizing usage of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Fungi are used to fight lead existing in so il, because, satisfactory and good reports have been received both in . In excessive sloping areas, making bunds across the slope helps to prevent erosion. Presently, the most commonly practised technique is open dumping and this causes soil pollution. Open dumping is the most often practiced. Hardier indigenous plants are now being grown again in the place of the hybrid ones. Forests also play an important role in preventing soil erosion. Here are 15 ways to prevent and control land pollution. Bio-fertilization and manures should be used instead of their chemical alternatives. Mentioned below are some measures we can take to control soil pollution. Control measures of soil pollution: Proper dumping of unwanted materials: Etra wastes by man and animals is a disposal problem. The waste materials should also be categorized based on the degree of contamination. At the same time, the government should take stronger measures against people, businesses, and companies that breach the policies. Although much concern over the years has been on air and water pollution, prevention and control of soil pollution are as important as air and water pollution control. Planting trees--or re-forestation--helps prevent soil erosion and pollution. Proper Treatment of the Solid Waste: I t is vital to properly treat the solid waste before disposing and releasing it into the environment. 1. (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? Get a better understanding of the soil environment quality baseline, 2. (And 6 Clever Ways to Reuse Old Keys), Can You Recycle Shampoo Bottles? Proper management of agricultural land and the practice of organic farming, 5. Weeds soak up minerals in the soil. Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotics (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. • Pollutants in the subsurface may be: Dissolved in GW in the saturated zone. (And How To Keep Them Away). De-forestation or the cutting down of trees … Materials that are mildly or moderately contaminated should be treated in controlled environments before release into the natural environments while those that are heavily contaminated should be put under strict management, treatment, and control. To submit your questions or ideas, or to simply learn more, see our about us page: link below. (And Ways To Protect Peonies), Do Deer Eat Roses? Reducing weed growth helps reduce soil pollution. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and industrial effluents etc should be recycled and reused. (And Ways to Reuse Old Bottles), 13 Amazing Plants That Do Not Need Drainage Holes, Do Deer Eat Petunias? The existing registrations such as urban and rural planning, agricultural practices, and land management should be revised and updated to include contemporary soil pollution control and prevention measures. Other common methods of preventing soil pollution include reforestation and recycling of waste materials. Unfortunately, over the years, human activities like the use of pesticides, fungicides, and herbicides have had an adverse effect on soil quality. Strictly control the pollution of new soil, 7. Agricultural land pollution usually causes the loss of soil fertility as it involves the loss of organic matter, topsoil and nutrients, and the soil’s ability to retain water. Land pollution is the degradation of Earth’s land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources. 31 of the State Council) Soil is material basis of economic and social sustainable development, concerning both human health and the process of building of a beautiful China. 1. In case of change of the responsible subjects, the party that inherits the debt and rights should be held responsible. Pesticides and fungicides are essential for plant growth but their overuse has led to soil pollution. In general we would need less fertilizer and fewer pesticides if we … The deposition of wastes should be done in a proper manner and the sewage sludge from the factories should be treated before reaching the ground. When dealing with land that is expected to be reclaimed and used for other purposes such as the construction of residential homes or social amenities like schools as it is in the case of mining, there is need to conduct soil investigation and evaluation. Before disposing the industrial wastes in the soil, the toxicity of it must be reduced. Pollution of soil is having a devastating effect on the agriculture land as well as people consuming products grown in such land. To help prevent soil erosion. Development of such pesticides should be encouraged, which may save crops from pests and rodents but should not contaminate soil with toxic chemicals. Learn more about its causes, effects and solutions. The process reduces the need for pesticides and fungicides. There are different measures for the prevention and control of soil pollution, some of which are listed below: 1. Pollution prevention is a major global concern because of the harmful effects of pollution on a person’s health and on the environment. We can control daily waste coming out of our house. Indiscriminate use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides results in acidification of soil. If you're concerned about land pollution, there's a lot you can do in your home and community to slow this environmental problem. It is cheaper to prevent soil pollution than it is to manage polluted soil and thus, the appropriate objective should be protecting new soil. However, to ensure consistent results, the technical requirements for the survey should be formulated including the frequency of when the survey should be conducted. Strengthening data sharing and establishing the pattern of sharing will help in guaranteeing immediate solutions when the need arises. 1. Manure, meanwhile, is always considered preferable to pesticides. Promoting sustainable agricultural practices, asking governments to develop policies to reduce the use of harmful chemicals and to prevent and control soil pollution are actions that can be taken now. Furthermore, through legislation, the government should phase out production facilities that use traditional industrial production methods and agricultural practices that harm the soil. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. Recycling is another way to reduce and control soil pollution. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. This article was written by a professional writer, copy edited and fact checked through a multi-point auditing system, in efforts to ensure our readers only receive the best information. Instead, the state should encourage enterprises to adopt better methods of production, organic farming, and new technology as it would be helpful in ensuring proper treatment of wastes and the reduction in harmful chemical products. It also influences the flow of chemical substances and water between the earth and the atmosphere. Go organic: organic farming uses no … In addition to agricultural pollution, industrial waste and urban activities also cause soil pollution. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. To ensure sustainability in the prevention and control of soil pollution, research on soil pollution prevention and control should be advanced by strengthening technological research. Through the use of proper waste disposal methods, control … Supervision of unutilized land is also key. In its organic form, manure has few negative effects on the ecological system. (And Ways to Reuse Old Lighters), Various Causes and Effects of Soil Contamination, Negative Effects and Simple Solutions To Avoid Palm Oil, Environmental and Health Effects of Fracking, What is Organic Food and 15 Health Benefits of Eating Organic Food, Can You Recycle a Mattress? Before any new land is used, thorough research should be conducted to ensure whether the land is suitable for the intended use. In agricultural land management, ideal soil conservation methods include mechanical and biological control techniques. Biodegradable waste should also be broken down in a controlled environment before it is released into the environment. The consumerist in us must reduce and the conservationist must increase. This should be implemented by making a layout plan that should include close supervision on the soil environment including regular information updates. It occurs: ADVERTISEMENTS: i. ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn about the sources, effects and control of land pollution! This prevents light from reaching the weeds, which kills them. Soil pollution control 103 98. Control of soil pollution. As awareness of ones environment grows everyone must pitch in by following the motto of recycle, reduce and reuse. Environmental pollution comes in various forms, such as: air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, etc. Developing forests in new areas can help reduce erosion caused by rainwater and air thus ensuring increased soil fertility and formation. Control for solid waste disposal. iii. What Are Some Practical Applications of Using UV Light to Control Microbial Growth? Soil pollution is a global threat that is particularly serious in regions like Europe, Eurasia, Asia and North Africa, as indicated by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The mechanical method of soil pollution control includes the use of contour holding system, gully control, and making bunds. The soil is an integral part of the natural environment. One of the more common methods of reducing weed growth is covering the soil with numerous layers of wet newspapers or a plastic sheet for several weeks before cultivation. Soil pollutants will hinder the provision of habitats, nourishment, and protection for plants and Production of natural fertilizers: Bio-pesticides should be used in place of dangerous chemical pesticides. 2. When the soil is contaminated, it negatively affects the ecological system as plants and microorganisms may struggle to adapt to the change in the chemical composition of the soil. Combatting soil pollution requires a sustained effort to prevent further issues and to mitigate existing pollution. Health hazard disposal of urban and industrial wastes. It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. The government should integrate the resources from various research institutions and universities to support relevant research on soil environmental capacity and ecological effects of soil contamination among other possibilities. © 2019 www.azcentral.com. Acidic and alkaline waste, for example, can be neutralized before they are disposed of to avoid soil contamination. To ensure consistency, the government should formulate treatment and remediation plans as well as identify responsible entities, identify key tasks, and develop projects database for easy management. Governments are also encouraged to enhance spatial planning and management based on the capacity of environment and soil. 2. In addition to controlling the pollutants, daily environment supervision should be enhanced. The best way to control soil pollution is to strictly control the mining and industrial pollutants. Use of pesticides should be minimized. To ensure the sustainability of the project, the individuals and companies that pollute the soil should be held responsible for the treatment and remediation costs. 3. Farmers should use organic fertilizers such as manure and adopt the integrated pest management strategy to ensure soil’s health. Considering the soil pollution effects, it has become very necessary to prevent it. The crop related control measures include crop rotation, strip cropping, planting along the contours, protector belt, crop residues, and use of organic composts. Recycling and Reuse of wastes: To minimize soil pollution, the wastes such as paper, plastics, metals, glasses, organics, petroleum products and … Soil Pollution Control • When pollutants or chemical wastes are released on soil surface, they will be absorbed onto the organic mineral matter of the soil. Farmers must ensure that they use bio-fertilizers instead of chemical fertilizers. Soil pollution is a disruptive element for many biological resources and ecosystems. The development of cooking industries and non-ferrous metal metallurgy industries in close proximity residential areas and virgin soils should be prohibited. This should be implemented by making a layout plan that should include close supervision on the soil environment including regular information updates. Furthermore, measures should be put in place to promote continuous improvement of soil pollution control standards. In order to properly control and prevent soil erosion, it is paramount that every stakeholder understands the baseline of soil environment quality, which can be done by carrying out sensitizations and surveys on soil pollution. There should also be put in place stringent measures against those who dump harmful or poisonous substances to the mudflat, sand, swampland, and salt marshes as well as those who discharge pollutants illegally. These wastes should be treated chemically and biologically to make them less toxic and hazardous. 2. The following measures may be suggested to control soil pollution: 1. If the results show the reclaimed land is polluted, any scheduled activity on the land must be suspended and the responsible body must take the necessary precautions to not only manage and mitigate the risks but to also prevent the contamination of adjacent soils. 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