They also cause diseases and food toxicity in livestock. Industrial waste are discharge from various mills and factories directly into the irrigation system that water is apply to the crop and soil become contaminated through higher concentration of harmful chemicals which deposit in the soil. One of the biggest factors is agriculture. Many common soil pollutants are also carcinogenic to humans. But gold mining does. Also, small life forms may consume harmful chemicals in the soil which may then be passed up the food chain to larger animals, which may lead to increased mortality rates and even animal … These chemical substances pose severe health dangers to human beings. On this basis, the soil becomes unsuitable for crop survival or any other form of vegetation. Because of the emphasis on a soil’s capacity to produce crops, pro- ductivity should be expressed in terms of yields. Similarly biological agent like human and animal excreta with harmful chemicals in higher concentration leads to soil pollution. It also sends soil-laden water downstream, which can create heavy layers of sediment that prevent streams and rivers from flowing smoothly and can eventually lead to flooding. These pollutants affect and alter the chemical and biological properties of the soil. Such a situation can affect soil chemistry and also disrupt plant and animal life. productivity, they also have a number of limitations. Trash, chemicals, contribution from other pollution and many more. of Punjab Mark-up free Agri. Pollution of the Earth’s soil can have many harmful effects on ecosystems and the health of humans, plants and animals. PCBs or polychlorinated biphenyls is linked to liver cancer. The four main components of soil are organic mineral matter 45%, inorganic matter 5%, water 25% and air 25%. Soil erosion is a major environmental issue because it can lead to water pollution. Many plants are unable to grow on contaminated soil due to pH changes or other changes in soil composition. Use of harmful chemicals should be restricted like DDT; BHC etc. Thus the loss of vegetation leads to further soil erosion because there is nothing to hold the soil in place. Since youngsters are greater susceptible to illnesses, polluted soil creates a greater danger to them. With the intensive use of fertilizer, pesticides and weedicides in order to increase per acre yield. Soil pollution can affect, pretty much, everything that lives on land. http://www.eartheclipse.com/pollution/devastating-effects-of-soil-pollution.html, http://www.everythingconnects.org/soil-pollution.html, http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/educational-magazines/soil-pollution, http://www.livestrong.com/article/192150-definition-of-soil-pollution/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soil_contamination, http://www.soil-net.com/dev/page.cfm?pageid=secondary_threats_pollutants&loginas=anon_secondary, http://www.tropical-rainforest-animals.com/List-of-Pollutants.html, http://mjcetenvsci.blogspot.mx/2013/11/soil-pollution-types-effects-sources.html. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our site. The rain water dissolves many essential nutrients from the soil and soil became polluted. They not only cause pollution but also reduce the yield of a particular crop to a much higher level. Effects: i. Acids harm growth of plants that are sown in these soils. The harmful chemical present in the soil increase toxicity so soil fertility decreases and yield of soil is also decrease. These can be introduced into the soil by means of dumping, runoff, spills, or by direct means like fertilizing crops. Soil organic matter - the product of on-site biological decomposition - affects the chemical and physical properties of the soil and its overall health. The soil basically consists of several layers of mineral and organic materials. Soil acidity is measured in pH units. When soil erosion is severe, soil erodes faster than it can be renewed. As for agricultural practices, farmers should switch to natural fertilizers or treated manure. Carbon Dioxide emissions increase air pollution. Soil pollution is caused by man-made, harmful chemicals penetrating the earth and causing deterioration. A. Soils become contaminated and soil degradation is also the problem of soil pollution. Pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, increase the salinity of the soil, making it imperfect for crop bearing and adversely affecting the microorganisms that help the soil and plants function. Besides, when plants take up the soil contaminants, they pass them up the food chain, endangering the health of animals and humans. In some cases, plastic mulches are made with oxo-plastics. Do what you can in your home, neighborhood, community and raise awareness to the people around you. Land pollution is the destruction of land as a result of human’s activities and the misuse of land resources. We can start by properly disposing of waste. The numerous pollutants that enter the soil can have many long lasting effects on the land. Greenandgrowing.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. © Copyright 2020, All Rights Reserved. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Carbon Dioxide emissions increase air pollution. The soil loses its productivity and the ability to grow plants in it. The fertilizers add more nitrogen into the ground which, while promotes better plant growth, throws the nitrogen cycle off balance. Even slightly contaminated soil can be harmful to human health. Plastics are a big contributor. Here, we will discuss many different ways that our soil can become polluted. Structural changes in soil lead to decrease the microbe activity and also crop production. There are many different pollutants that come from any number of sources. These pollutants are man-made. Soil pollution is the contamination of the fertile soil which reduces the productivity of soil because of various toxic pollutants. Industrial disposal are the major problems of soil pollution. Formal and informal both types of education should be given to people through an organized program of extension system. Soil Fertility and Productivity: Soil Fertility: Soil fertility is the ability of the soil to provide all essential plant nutrients in available forms and in a suitable balance. They contribute much more in the soil pollution. These pollutants can actually end up in our food. P=Project E=Experiment. Some important effects of soil pollution are … Top Answer. When acids are present in the soil, they are carried away with flowing water, causing harm to water bodies. This website allows me to do my part in that. Land is dug up during gold mining. However, it can also occur on land. Desertification is another result of dryland degradation. It is as simple as that. Moreover leaking of sewerage system can also affect soil quality and cause soil pollution by changing the chemical composition of the soil. Many trees have to be cut down in order to create this mine. Stay Excellent out there! Other types of contamination usually come from radioactive fallout, the rupture of underground storage tanks, leaching of wastes from landfills, direct discharge of industrial wastes into the soil, harmful irrigation practices, pipeline leakage and much more. As they degrade, which can take decades, they release those chemicals into the ground. Are There Dangerous Levels of Lead in … The ecological balance of plant is affected due to soil pollution. Soil pollution has many effects on both human life and plant life. First off, what is soil pollution? Instead of throwing away plastics and other products, they should be recycled. Composting and green manuring should be done. Untreated manure can contain bad bacteria from the animals, especially those raised in factory farms. In some parts of Europe, higher temperatures may lead to more vegetation growth and more carbon stored in the soil. The causes behind soil pollution are many and growing. These usually include herbicides and insecticides which are commonly used in farming. Such pressure includes producing enough food to sustain the population. Soil Pollution: A risk for Agricultural productivity Maqsood Khan, M. Waseem Abbas, Tahir Jamil, Humayun Ahmed and Nazer Manzoor Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040, Pakistan. Soil pollution can happen in any number of ways. Soil pollution changes the genetic makeup of living organism and cause health problems that are not treated simply. Bio-pesticides should be used instead of chemical pesticides. However, the causes and effects are roughly the same. Of course, the solution is not to just stop making babies, but to lessen our harmful activities. By continuing to use our website without changing the settings, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Soil pollution can be a contributing factor to other forms of pollution like air and water. But did you know that soil erosion also can seriously impair crop productivity? It causes harmful effect on the soil and the environment at large. which proved toxic for animal and plants .In some cases even cause death of both plant and animals. Acid rain can contaminate the soil and contaminated water can get absorbed by the soil. Plant grow on polluted soil absorbs harmful chemicals from the soil. Of course, when plants take on these contaminants, they can be passed to other members of the food chain, including humans. Related Questions. This causes the land to lose its original soil structure and its ability to support plant life, which can result in a reduction in crop production. That bacteria find their way into the soil in the form of manure that is often left untreated. Plastic waste and chemicals contaminate our waters. What is air pollution? Soil contains fungi and bacteria that held soil particle decrease and cause soil erosion. Unless they are burned, in which case, the chemicals get shot into the air. EFFECTS ON MICRO-ORGANISMS – The microorganisms which are found in soil, if the soil will be polluted the microorganisms which are habitats of soil will die. Of course it is not just the chemical contaminants in the pesticides that is causing soil pollution, nitrogen rich fertilizers, and untreated manure also have adverse effects on the soil. The bio buildup of toxins also takes place in our bodies and can result to chronic poisoning, developmental and birth defects, Reproductive health, malnutrition, neurologic effects, cell mutations, cancers and other deadly diseases. Whether humans eat the initial animal, the larger animal or the plant itself, we end up taking on all of the pollutants as well. 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