1832 - Ecuador annexed the Galapagos Islands. Lizards, iguanas, turtles, sea lions, and finches, are some animals that live on the Galapagos islands. The most famous […] Due to the uniqueness of the islands and ocean waters there are vast numbers of endemic species including: Galapagos land iguanas, marine iguana (the only iguana that feed in the sea), sea cucumbers, flightless cormorant, blue-footed booby, Galapagos mockingbirds, Galapagos Penguin, Galapagos sea lions, Galapagos hawk, great Frigatebird, waved Albatross, and over 50 species of fish. 1835 - The HMS Beagle under the command of captain Robert FitzRoy brought Charles Darwin to the islands where he studied the natural history of the islands, its flora, and its animal inhabitans. Galapagos is a harsh, remote land, and the species that arrived there did not survive by diversifying, but rather by evolving specific traits to suit a certain niche in the environment. Galapagos Animals . Read our top 10 interesting facts about the UNESCO awarded Galapagos Islands. Here are some facts about the Galapagos Islands. The Galapagos Marine Reserve covers 133,000 square kilometres. Interesting facts about Galapagos National Park. In 2009, the Galapagos pink iguana (Conolophus rosada) was officially described as a separate species of Galapagos land iguana.There are less than 100 individuals left meaning that they are a critically endangered species. (April 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template messageThis is a list of animals that live in the Galápagos Islands Click here to read more! With more than 400 species of fish and an abundance of wildlife in the Galapagos, there is certainly plenty to see. The natural value of the Galapagos Islands does not lie in diversity: in fact, it's just the opposite. Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis nigra) are the world’s largest species of tortoise that are alive today. They are often found lazing in the sun on the the white sandy beaches, earning top-spot for the most photogenic animal found on the Galapagos Islands! Both cities can easily be reached with direct flights from the United States. The … This reserve, which lies a thousand kilometres from the Ecuadorian mainland was set up in 1998 to protect the waters around the Galapagos Islands and the many species of animals and fish that live there. They've captivated visitors since Charles Darwin visited in 1835, but how much do you really know? Perhaps this is due to over-fishing and poaching for their fins, which– when combined with their slow reproductive rate– has landed the species on the IUCN’s Near Threatened list. Enjoy our fun Galapagos Islands facts for kids. Practical Facts About the Galapagos Islands 27. Galápagos tortoise facts, pictures and information. In fact, the islands are actually named after these creatures, "Galapagos" is an old Spanish word, no longer used, meaning tortoise. On this page, you will find a detailed description of all species, including the information on which islands and spots they can be observed and which tours connect to these spots at which date. These tortoises are native to the two islands namely Galapagos and Aldabra coral atoll. Straddling the equator, islands in the chain are located in both the northern and southern hemispheres, with Volcán Wolf and Volcán Ecuador on Isla Isabela being directly on the equator. Help us preserve, protect, and restore Galapagos. The Galapagos Islands are home to world’s only ocean-swimming lizard, the Galapagos … Yet there are many fascinating facts about the Galapagos Islands that some people may be unaware of either before, or perhaps even after their visit. The Galápagos Islands are a group of 19 islands and more than 100 islets and rocks in the Pacific Ocean, about 1,000km off the coast of Ecuador in South America. Though large Galapagos Sharks can be aggressive, the smaller ones we have seen while snorkeling were among the most human-shy of all the Galapagos Islands animals. Because of a large number of endemic animals, specific climatic conditions on different islands and isolation from the outside world, he could systematically study the impact of specific factors on the morphology […] Click for more kids facts and information or download the worksheet collection. Find out more about the largest tortoise in the world & one of the longest-living animals. The islands were discovered in 1535, but were vacant of humans until the 1800s due to their inhospitable terrain. Home to incredible wildlife, see some amazing animals, iconic scenery, and beautiful beaches. They are thought to weigh in the region of 250-250kg, and live longer than any other animal on the planet. The Galápagos Islands are famous because of the scientist Charles Darwin.After studying the plants and animals on the islands in the 1800s, Darwin developed his theory of evolution.The theory, which explains how living things change over time, changed the science of biology forever. Learn Galapagos Islands facts with NatGeo Expeditions. Sadly, one of the only animals in the Galapagos Islands to be fearful of people. The movie Captain and Commander was filmed on the islands of Bartholomew and Santiago. The group of islands consists of 18 main islands, 3 small islands, and 107 rocks and islets. You can get to see them without worrying if you’re going to get hurt by the animals because they’re all kept in a secure place where you can watch them. One of the greatest aspects of a trip to the "Enchanted Isles," from a visitor’s point of view, is the fact that the animals living in the Galapagos are extremely tolerant of our presence; in fact, they have no natural fear of humans and allow us to approach them at close range. The size and shape of animals living in the Galapagos is not like ordinary animals. ; There are 18 major islands in the chain and over 100 smaller islands, covering an area of about 8,000 km. Since his initial visit to the archipelago, countless tourists have visited these remarkable shores. Galapagos Marine Iguanas are endemic to the Galapagos Islands, having the ability to sustain themselves on land and in the sea. The Galapagos Islands became famous after Charles Darwin landed there to study the animals of these islands and postulate the theory of evolution. The islands have a fantastic history filled with explorers, pirates, and sailors. The Galapagos are a series of tropical islands found 550 miles (900 km) off Ecuador’s coast. ; The name 'galapagos', an old Spanish word for 'saddle', was originally used by Bishop Tomas and his crew to describe the giant tortoises but the name stuck. The Galapagos Islands make a wonderful place to visit, and many people each year take a Galapagos Islands cruise or land-based Galapagos tour to get to see the wildlife and enjoy the unusual volcanic scenery. The Galapagos islands have a low biodiversity (that is, few animal species), because the islands are 600 miles (1000 km) from the continent. 1. The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago of volcanic islands located 563 miles (906 km) directly west of Ecuador. The islands are found at the coordinates 1°40'N–1°36'S, 89°16'–92°01'W. Some of the most famous animals on the islands are the Galapagos tortoises. They are true giants! Situated off the coast of Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are famously where Charles Darwin developed his theory of natural selection. Over 600 miles from continental Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands are home to few native mammals. It's very unique and larger than similar animals. How to Get to the Galapagos Islands. All the species of giant tortoises found in the Galapagos are native to the islands, but all evolved from a common ancestor which journeyed from the mainland to arrive at the islands around 2 to 3 million years ago. The Galapagos Islands are one of the world’s favorite travel destinations. The reptile is found in many places in the archipelago; with colonies at the end of Tortuga Bay on Santa Cruz, Fernandina and Isabela Islands. New discoveries. In the 1920s, European and North American settlers began to arrive, as well as Ecuadorians who came to fish and farm. This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Here, we run through some facts … You will, however, likely encounter the playful sea lions or fur seals when you snorkel or witness the majestic whales and agile dolphins surging out of the water alongside your yacht. Welcome to Galapagos Conservancy, the only U.S. nonprofit exclusively dedicated to the conservation of the Galapagos Islands. Some tortoises live to be well over 150 years old! Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. 2. Travelers from all across the globe come here to spot the islands’ incredible variety of endemic animals. In 1978 UNESCO designated Galapagos as the first World Heritage site. Understand what makes these Islands so special with our range of interesting information and trivia. The Galapagos Fur Seal. An overview of the Galapagos Wildlife. Visiting the Galápagos Islands is like walking into the middle of a wildlife documentary. The Galapagos Islands are regarded the world over as a unique destination, originally made famous by scientific explorer Charles Darwin in the mid-1800s. Penguins, fur seals, giant tortoises, marine iguanas, blue-footed boobies, hawks—the list is endless. The oldest island, Española , was formed three to five million years ago, when molten rock called ‘magma’ burst through the sea bed, gradually forming a volcano that rose out of the sea. The Galapagos Islands are a small island chain, known for their unique wildlife. This huge expanse of inhospitable ocean in-between makes it very difficult for new kinds of plants and animals to reach the islands. The abundance of friendly and plentiful wildlife makes the Galapagos Islands a perfect destination for animal lovers. The Galapagos archipelago is perhaps one of the most bio-diverse places on earth. Many of the animals inhabiting the Galagagos islands are utterly fearless, allowing visitors to get extremely close to some of the worlds most endangered species. Believe it or not, the Galapagos Islands … They are located in the Pacific Ocean, about 926 km west of Ecuador. He was largely inspired by the incredible endemic species – like the Galapagos Islands flamingos. Galapagos has a very beautiful scenery. Being so playful and inquisitive, these cute animals are often compared to pet dogs! Today most are Endangered. Once thought to be a single species, the tortoises of the Galápagos Islands are now considered to be several different species. 1790s - Several scientific voyages to the Galapagos Islands were made during this decade. This island is also home to many rare and unique animals. One important but fun fact about Galapagos Islands is that it is home to the endangered but unfearful wildlife, which can get the visitors some of the rarest animals on the planet. 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