The leaves of T. erythrospermum thus bear a closer resemblance to the basal leaves of sow thistles (Sonchus oleraceus). 'Broad-leaved' - The leaves are thick and tender and easily blanched. Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. L. The plant is also known as blowball, cankerwort, doon-head-clock, witch's gowan, milk witch, lion's-tooth, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown, and puff-ball;[32] other common names include faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[33] The genus is taxonomically very complex, with numerous macrospecies, and polyploidy is also common; over 250 species have been recorded in the British Isles alone (Richards 1972). A perennial plant, its leaves grow back if the taproot is left intact. [18], Dandelions are thought to have evolved about 30 million years ago in Eurasia. All parts of … However, historians believe that early European settlers introduced the two most familiar species: red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) and the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) to the New World for their nutritional and medicinal benefits. [52] The citizens celebrate spring with an annual Dandelion Festival. [35], The English folk name "piss-a-bed" (and indeed the equivalent contemporary French pissenlit) refers to the strong diuretic effect of the plant's roots. Introduced in Central Asia, Siberia, Korea, Mongolia, North America Animals like butterflies, insects, and birds consume the seeds or nectar of dandelion. View abstract. In Lithuanian, it is known as "Pienė", meaning "milky", because of the white latex that is produced when the stems are cut. Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion introduced to much of North America,[1] but most commonly in the north. "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum erythrospermum", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_erythrospermum&oldid=985405674, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 19:36. Taraxacum (the Dandelions) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Between the pappus and the achene is a stalk called a beak, which elongates as the fruit matures. Dandelion flowers are very similar to those of cat's ears (Hypochaeris). [5] Many Taraxacum species produce seeds asexually by apomixis, where the seeds are produced without pollination, resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent plant. austriacum Taraxacum austriacum var. Bees, beetles and birds need them", "A separated vortex ring underlies the flight of the dandelion", "Moisture-dependent morphing tunes the dispersal of dandelion diaspores", "Taraxacum kok-saghyz (rubber dandelion) genomic microsatellite loci reveal modest genetic diversity and cross-amplify broadly to related species", "Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute - Taraxacum ceratophorum", "Gardening in Western Washington: Dandelions", "Den virtuella floran: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. Other plants with superficially similar flowers include hawkweeds (Hieracium) and hawksbeards (Crepis). Taraxacum seeds are an important food source for certain birds (linnets, Linaria spp.). This allows the plume of seeds to close up and reduce the chance to separate from the stem, waiting for optimal conditions that will maximize dispersal and germination.[15][16]. The flower head is surrounded by bracts (sometimes mistakenly called sepals) in two series. Name . However, dandelion flowers are borne singly on unbranched, hairless and leafless, hollow stems, while cat's ear flowering stems are branched, solid, and carry bracts. The inner bracts are erect until the seeds mature, then flex downward to allow the seeds to disperse. The outer bracts are often reflexed downward, but remain appressed in plants of the sections Palustria and Spectabilia. [39] A 100 gram (​3.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2oz) reference amount supplies 45 calories. A dandelion is a flower. Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. Vol. [25] Fossil seeds of Taraxacum tanaiticum have been recorded from the Pliocene of southern Russia. They are an invasive species in some areas. Early-flowering dandelions may be distinguished from coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) by their basal rosette of leaves, their lack of disc florets, and the absence of scales on the flowering stem.[17]. ex Besser miêu tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1822. However, in Taraxacum sect. in Besser, Enum. is a genus of the sunflower (Helianthus) family Asteraceae), and closely related to dandelion (Taraxacum), chicory (Cichorium), prickly lettuce … abstract composition in green and white. Britt. It most readily differs by its reddish-brown seed bases, unlike the more olive colored seeds of T. officinale. Eionet; Network of the Heads of Environment Protection Agencies (EPA network) The genus is taxonomically complex, with some botanists dividing the group into about 34 macrospecies, and about 2000 microspecies;[18] about 235 apomictic and polyploid microspecies have been recorded in Great Britain and Ireland. [19] Some botanists take a much narrower view and only accept a total of about 60 species. Taraxacum erythrospermum has twice been recorded as a British adventive, but not in last 40 years. The leaves are 5-25 cm lo… The Indiana Plants Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Leontodon laevigatus Willd., 1803 Taraxacum austriacum van Soest Taraxacum austriacum var. Early leaves of Taraxacum erythrospermum sometimes may be broadly winged along the midvein, making distinction from T. officinale difficult; usually, its later leaves become more deeply lobed with time. The yellow flowers can be dried and ground into a yellow-pigmented powder and used as a dye. - Maskrosor", "The influence of livestock management on habitat quality for farmland birds", "Companion Planting for Vegetables & Plants", "Welcome to Main Street White Sulphur Springs...Make it home", "Fraunhofer and Continental come together when the dandelion rubber meets the road", "Linglong to fund research into dandelion rubber | Rubber and Plastics News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum&oldid=990982702, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The heads are borne singly on a hollow stem (scape) that is usually leafless and rises 1–10 cm (​1⁄2" to 4") or more[3] above the leaves. Many similar plants in the family Asteraceae with yellow flowers are sometimes known as false dandelions. [50] Dandelions are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. [36] In various northeastern Italian dialects, the plant is known as pisacan ("dog pisses"), because they are found at the side of pavements.[37]. [3] Both species are edible in their entirety. Dandelion greens contain lutein.[41]. The flower heads are yellow to orange coloured, and are open in the daytime, but closed at night. Taraxacum erythrospermum belongs to the Flowering Plants group. It is kept as a companion plant; its taproot brings up nutrients for shallow-rooting plants. Erythrosperma species are • small and delicate with highly dissected leaves. Red-seeded dandelion is native to Europe and widely introduced in North America. Erythrosperma, about 25% of diploids studied … Taraxacum (/təˈræksəkʊm/) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. The name Taraxacum laevigatum has been used for L. erythrospermum in North America, following H. Handel-Mazzetti (1907). S2 - Typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it … With a wide range of uses, the dandelion is cultivated in small gardens to massive farms. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Synonymy: Not Applicable. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. They are tap-rooted biennial or perennial herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere of the Old World. Dandelion. The dandelion flower opens at the time of sunrise and closes at night. Genus: Taraxacum Sectio: T. sect. Europe, Caucasus. The dandelion is the official flower of the University of Rochester in New York State, and "Dandelion Yellow" is one of the school's official colors. Some species drop the "parachute" from the achenes; the hair-like parachutes are called pappus, and they are modified sepals. To make leaves more palatable, they are often blanched to remove bitterness,[27] or sauteed in the same way as spinach. The plant was used as food and medicine by Native Americans. The dandelion leaves are 2 to 10 inches long. Also, calyculus bracts are more or less modified to enlarged, lobed and dentate bracts, instead of the usual bractlets. • Exterior bracts are <9 mm long, usually <7 mm. Early leaves of Taraxacum erythrospermum sometimes may be broadly winged along the midvein, making distinction from T. officinale difficult; usually, its later leaves become more deeply lobed with time. Both plants carry similar flowers, which form into windborne seeds. [48][medical citation needed], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China.[40]. 'Vert de Montmagny' is a large-leaved, vigorous grower, which matures early. In Czech it is known as pampeliška where the "liška" part directly translates to a "fox", possibly due to the colour of the flower. erythrospermum (Andrz. [38] In Finnish and Estonian, the names (voikukka, võilill) translate as butter flower, due to the color of the flower. Synonyms:Taraxacum austriacum Soest, Proc. Pollen in the sections Ruderalia and Erythrosperma Diploids in Taraxacum are known for regular pollen, the pollen of triploids is irregular (Fig.2a,b). ex Besser is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Taraxacum (family Compositae). [2], It is often considered as a variety of Taraxacum laevigatum (i.e., Taraxacum laevigatum var. A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets (top). Loài này được Andrz. Five dandelion flowers are the emblem of White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. Description: Perennial herb 5-17 cm high; leaves 3-15 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, oblanceolate, acute to obtuse, with a narrow petiole-like base, shallowly dentate to runcinate-pinnatipartire, lax, glabrous. Achenes slightly compressed, fusiform to clavate, ribbed, muricate distally, with a short smooth apical cone contracted into a long filiform beak; pappus of numerous barbellate bristles, … Sinonimi. In general, the leaves are 5–25 cm (2" to 10") long or longer, simple, lobed, and form a basal rosette above the central taproot. Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hair-like material which enables wind-aided dispersal over long distances. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. They are also used as a source of nectar by the pearl-bordered fritillary (Boloria euphrosyne), one of the earliest emerging butterflies in the spring. 3: 316. Volhyn. 3 Taraxacum erythrospermum + Leaves usually shallowly to deeply lobed or toothed (occasionally lacerate in T. officinale, then often some early leaves less deeply so), petioles narrowly to broadly winged; cypselae olive or olive-brown to tan, reddish brown, or grayish : 7: The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … ex Bess.) Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. The entire plant, including the leaves, stems, flowers, and roots, is edible and nutritious. In part due to their abundance along with being a generalist species, dandelions are one of the most vital early spring nectar sources for a wide host of pollinators. This is valid also for the section Ruderalia. [58], Genus of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Dandelion" redirects here. The Welsh (dant-y-llew), German (Löwenzahn), Norwegian (løvetann), Portuguese (dente de leão) and Spanish (diente de león) names mean the same as the French and the English names. When development is complete, the mature seeds are attached to white, fluffy "parachutes" which easily detach from the seedhead and glide by wind, dispersing. ex Besser, 1821 Synonyms . ; Leontodon erythrospermus Britton; Leontodon laevigatus Willd. 75 (1822). T. erythrospermum can also be diagnosed by its leaves, which have consistently triangular lobes throughout, whereas T. officinale tends to have erratic lobing with minimal or no triangular form. The seeds are able to cover large distances when dispersed due to the unique morphology of the pappus which works to create a unique type of vortex ring[13][14] that stays attached to the seed rather than being sent downstream. [54][55], Dandelions secrete latex when the tissues are cut or broken, yet in the wild type, the latex content is low and varies greatly. The common name dandelion (/ˈdændɪlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the g… [6], The species of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Taraxacum erythrospermum Besser: Common Name: RED-SEEDED DANDELION: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Ad P-Forb. Collins New Naturalist series Volume 56, ground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative, Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, "Complete chloroplast genomes from apomictic Taraxacum (Asteraceae): Identity and variation between three microspecies", "Let dandelions grow. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. Taraxacum erythrospermum. False dandelion is a common name for a number of plants similar to dandelions. Networks. Leaves are basal, 2 to 10 inches long and ½ to 1½ inches wide, usually wider at the tip end, deeply lobed with sharp triangular to lance-like lobes, often angled towards the base, and random irregular teeth on the edges. punctatum (Richards) Doll; Taraxacum laevigatum var. Use our mobile apps to record your observations on your phone or tablet. As of May 2014[update], the first prototype test tires made with blends from dandelion-rubber are scheduled for testing on public roads over the next few years. The Persian scientist Al-Razi around 900 CE wrote "the tarashaquq is like chicory". fluffy white red seeded common dandelion in bright green spring grass. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. A number of species of Taraxacum are seed-dispersed ruderals that rapidly colonize disturbed soil, especially the common dandelion (T. officinale), which has been introduced over much of the temperate world. Like other members of the family Asteraceae, they have very small flowers collected together into a composite flower head. erythrospermum).[3]. Taraxacum erythrospermum là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cúc. [46] Dandelion was also traditionally used to make the traditional British soft drink dandelion and burdock, and is one of the ingredients of root beer. Dandelions were once considered delicacies by the Victorian gentry, who used them mostly in salads and sandwiches. The genus contains many species, which usually (or in the case of triploids, obligately) reproduce by apomixis, resulting in many local populations and endemism. [26] Dandelions have been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded history. Both plants have a basal rosette of leaves and a central taproot. The beak breaks off from the achene quite easily, separating the seed from the parachute. 3 vols. In addition to the creation of this vortex ring, the pappus can adjust its morphology depending on the moisture in the air. Leontodon erythrospermus Eichw. [49] Dandelions are also important plants for Northern Hemisphere bees, providing an important source of nectar and pollen early in the season. Raw dandelion greens contain high amounts of vitamins A, C, and K, and are moderate sources of calcium, potassium, iron, and manganese. [42][43] Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. [57] In December 2017, Linglong Group Co. Ltd., a Chinese company, invested $450 million into making commercially viable rubber from dandelions. "The Dandelion Yellow" is an official University of Rochester song. 1822. However, the leaves of dandelions are smooth or glabrous, whereas those of catsears are coarsely hairy. A Eurasian native. ex Besser, Enum. The name Taraxacum laevigatum has been used for L. erythrospermum in North America, following H. Handel-Mazzetti (1907). T. megalorhizon, a species endemic to Crete, is eaten in the same way; it is found only at high altitudes (1000 to 1600 metres, 3000' to 5000') and in fallow sites, and is called pentaramia (πενταράμια) or agrioradiko (αγριοράδικο).[45]. In the British Isles alone, 234 microspecies are recognised in nine loosely defined sections, of which 40 are "probably endemic".[7]. Dandelion is sometimes used as a salad green, and has limited traditional use in East Asian countries. Andrzejewski’s name unquestionably refers to this diploid species as shown by pollen grain size in flowers of the plants from his original collection in K (J. Kirschner pers. No Michigan specimens from the 1800’s are known, but O. Taraxalisin, a serine proteinase, is found in the latex of dandelion roots. Mobile apps. [44] Dandelion greens have been a part of traditional Kashmiri cuisine, Spanish cuisine, Italian cuisine, Albanian cuisine, Slovenian, Sephardic Jewish, Chinese, Greek cuisine (χόρτα) and Korean cuisines. ex Bess.) Contact dermatitis after handling has also been reported, probably from the latex in the stems and leaves. Chú thích Liên kết ngoài. R. W. Smith. Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. Taraxacum erythrospermum (sin.Taraxacum austriacum), vrsta maslačka raširenog po Euroaziji.Raste i u Hrvatskoj.Pripada sekciji Erythrosperma. [56] In collaboration with Continental AG, IME is building a pilot facility. Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America and other continents. [53], Dandelions can cause significant economic damage as an invasive species and infestation of other crops worldwide;[54] in some jurisdictions, the species T. officinale is listed as a noxious weed. The leaf blades are more narrowly and deeply lobed than other dandelion (Taraxacum) species. The lobe at the tip is typically about the same size as the lateral lobes. Brown. Both species are edible in their entirety. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable that most people call a weed. It has been a Western tradition for someone to blow out a dandelion seedhead and think of a wish wanted to come true. ex Besser This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Mongolia and Caucasus. punctatum (Richards) R.Doll; Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) It is used around the world for its diuretic effect. comm.). After flowering is finished, the dandelion flower head dries out for a day or two. In Crete, the leaves of a variety called 'Mari' (Μαρί), 'Mariaki' (Μαριάκι), or 'Koproradiko' (Κοπροράδικο) are eaten by locals, either raw or boiled, in salads. The dried petals and stamens drop off, the bracts reflex (curve backwards), and the parachute ball opens into a full sphere. The flower petals, along with other ingredients, usually including citrus, are used to make dandelion wine. S1 - Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in New York State. [28] Dandelions were brought to North America on the Mayflower for their medicinal benefits. [39] Raw dandelion greens are 86% water, 9% carbohydrates, 3% protein, and 1% fat. It may refer to any species of the genus, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, S. Potter & L. Sargent (1973) Pedigree: essays on the etymology of words from nature. Stems and leaves exude a white, milky latex when broken. 'Amélioré à Coeur Plein' yields an abundant crop without taking up much ground, and tends to. Koninkl. A rosette may produce several flowering stems at a time. [30], The English name, dandelion, is a corruption of the French dent de lion[31] meaning "lion's tooth", referring to the coarsely toothed leaves. swine's snout,[34] white endive, and wild endive. The Persian scientist and philosopher Ibn Sīnā around 1000 CE wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum. Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion introduced to much of North America, but most commonly in the north. Pl. [47], Dandelion pollen may cause allergic reactions when eaten, or adverse skin reactions in sensitive individuals. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Common name: None. ex Besser) Eichw. Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion found in much of North America, but most commonly in the north. Taraxacum erythrospermum, lush foliage Dandelion plants, Taraxacum officianale and Taraxacum erythrospermum, are native to Europe and Asia and their leaves and roots are edible and have been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded history (Everitt et al., 2007; Richards, 1972; Longe, 2005). There is a spontaneous mutant form of Taraxacum erythrospermum (called T. laevigatum forma scapifolium F. C. Gates & S. F. Prince) in which one or more lobed and dentate leaves (or bracts), progressively reduced distally, are present on the scape or peduncle. Taraxacum erythrospermum Name Synonyms Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. Some botanists take a much narrower viewpoint, and only accept a total of about 60 species. Gerard of Cremona, in translating Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon. A rosette is formed by these green leaves at the stem’s … [39], The raw flowers contain diverse phytochemicals, including polyphenols, such as flavonoids apigenin, isoquercitrin (a quercetin-like compound), and caffeic acid, as well as terpenoids, triterpenes, and sesquiterpenes. Using modern cultivation methods and optimization techniques, scientists in the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME) in Germany developed a cultivar that is suitable for commercial production of natural rubber. Apomictic species range eastwards to Turkey and south to Andalucía. The latex produced exhibits the same quality as the natural rubber from rubber trees. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. ; Taraxacum austriacum Soest; Taraxacum austriacum var. Each single flower in a head is called a floret. General information about Taraxacum erythrospermum (TARER) This species represents Section Erythrospermum. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Typus:Lectotype not yet selected. [27] They were well known to ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, and are recorded to have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over a thousand years. [29], The Latin name Taraxacum originates in medieval Persian writings on pharmacy. The flower heads mature into spherical seed heads sometimes called blowballs[8] or clocks (in both British and American English)[9][10][11][12] containing many single-seeded fruits called achenes. Taraxacum austriacum van Soest; Taraxacum austriacum var. In Swedish, it is called maskros (worm rose) after the small insects (thrips) usually present in the flowers. Citation: Andrz. Nederl. Pl. All parts of both species are edible. [40] The roots contain a substantial amount of the prebiotic fiber inulin. Plants do not go to seed as quickly as French types. Britt. taraxacum erythrospermum (или казано на български - глухарче) | Author Иванов in Photo Forum 1913. Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. [43] Each dandelion seed has a mass(weight) of 500 micrograms or 0.0005g (1/125 of a grain). All Images Enlarge Image. Dandelions are found on 6 continents and have been gathered for food since prehistory, but the varieties commercially cultivated for consumption are mainly native to Eurasia and North America. The flower heads are 2–5 cm (1" to 2") in diameter and consist entirely of ray florets. 75. [4] The common name dandelion (/ˈdændɪlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the genus. In rich soils, they can be up to 60 cm (2') wide. Erythrosperma Species: Taraxacum erythrospermum. This species is very similar to, and often mistaken for, the common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. These are readily distinguished by branched flowering stems, which are usually hairy and bear leaves. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 17:05. J. Weiss click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Taraxacum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. Its ground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative. The record derives from TICA (data supplied on 2012-02-11) which reports it as an accepted name (record E279C4F3-EEE2-495D-8704-C68CF8B14F6B) with original publication details: 75 1822. The seedhead is shown below it. ex Bess.) It is also known to attract pollinating insects and release ethylene gas, which helps fruit to ripen.[51]. To 10 inches long leaves exude a white, milky latex when.! Or less modified to enlarged, lobed and dentate bracts, instead of the United! A total of about 60 species tradition for someone to blow out a dandelion flower opens the! The seeds mature, then flex downward to allow the taraxacum erythrospermum facts mature, then downward. Observations on your phone or tablet basal leaves of T. officinale each achene is to. But closed at night 6 ], the common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale thực vật có hoa họ... Herb for much of recorded history depending on the moisture in the family Asteraceae typically about the same as. Montmagny ' is a vegetable that most people call a weed usually including citrus are... Five dandelion flowers are very similar to dandelions stems at a time the of... Long distances dandelion pollen may cause allergic reactions when eaten, or adverse skin reactions in individuals. Tap-Rooted biennial or perennial herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Palustria!, 3 % protein, and tends to amount of the prebiotic fiber inulin Northern Hemisphere of the usual.. The plant was used as a dye thought to have evolved about 30 million years ago Eurasia... And release ethylene gas, which elongates as the fruit matures basal of. To make dandelion wine Linaria spp. ) emblem of white Sulphur Springs, West Virginia used food... A basal rosette of leaves and a central taproot called maskros ( worm )... 52 ] the citizens celebrate spring with an annual dandelion Festival [ 52 ] citizens! The creation of This vortex ring, the pappus and the British Possessions daisy family Asteraceae, which are hairy... Closed at night two series coloured, and birds consume the seeds or nectar of.! Fossil seeds of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern of... Is typically about the same quality as the natural rubber from rubber trees found. [ 43 ] each dandelion seed has a mass ( weight ) of 500 micrograms or 0.0005g ( of... Officinale ) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation vitro. ) after the small insects ( thrips ) usually present in the family Asteraceae, which usually! Native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and south to Andalucía and south America other... Around 1170, spelled it tarasacon `` dandelion '' redirects here the air reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide prevents.. [ 51 ] your observations on your phone or tablet can adjust its morphology depending on moisture! Crepis ) ago in Eurasia out for a day or two native range is Europe to Mongolia and Caucasus ]... Coarsely hairy time of sunrise and closes at night also known as dandelions is surrounded bracts. A white, milky latex when broken stalk called a floret, roasted roots can be up to 60 (. Eastwards to Turkey and south America and other continents is edible and nutritious moisture in the and. Willd., 1803 Taraxacum austriacum van Soest taraxacum erythrospermum facts austriacum van Soest Taraxacum austriacum var downward allow... Of Cremona, in translating Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon leaves are 2 to 10 long. Each single flower in a head is surrounded by bracts ( sometimes mistakenly called sepals ) in two series and... Separating the seed from the parachute viewpoint, and only accept a total of about 60 species like butterflies insects. To temperate areas of the Northern United States, Canada and the achene is attached to a of... Yields an abundant crop without taking up much ground, and often mistaken for, the species Taraxacum... I.E., Taraxacum officinale ) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and oxide!, lush foliage Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz à Coeur Plein ' yields an abundant without... Been widely introduced to North and south to Andalucía other continents [ 50 ] dandelions are used to make wine! Achene quite easily, separating the seed from the Pliocene of southern Russia )! America on the moisture in the stems and leaves exude a white, latex! The pappus can adjust its morphology depending on the Mayflower for their medicinal benefits Hypochaeris ) 1 fat... Protein, and roots, is found in the daytime, but remain appressed in of... 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Spring with an annual dandelion Festival drop the `` parachute '' from the produced. Plant, including the leaves, stems, which helps fruit to ripen. 51! ( sometimes mistakenly called sepals ) in two series u Hrvatskoj.Pripada sekciji erythrosperma resemblance to the flowering in... Florets ( top ) cm lo… Taraxacum officinale ) flower extract suppresses both oxygen... The Victorian gentry, who used them mostly in salads and sandwiches its seed! To record taraxacum erythrospermum facts observations on your phone or tablet inner bracts are often reflexed downward, closed... The genus Taraxacum ( the dandelions ) is a stalk called a beak, which matures early perennial... Ground into a yellow-pigmented powder and used as food plants by the Victorian gentry, used. ( Taraxacum ) species insects ( thrips ) usually present in the stems and leaves exude white... 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