Two species, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, are found as weeds worldwide. 'Amélioré à Coeur Plein' yields an abundant crop without taking up much ground, and tends to. Use our mobile apps to record your observations on your phone or tablet. Synonymy: Not Applicable. Introduced in Central Asia, Siberia, Korea, Mongolia, North America Stems and leaves exude a white, milky latex when broken. The dried petals and stamens drop off, the bracts reflex (curve backwards), and the parachute ball opens into a full sphere. Both species are edible in their entirety. Achenes slightly compressed, fusiform to clavate, ribbed, muricate distally, with a short smooth apical cone contracted into a long filiform beak; pappus of numerous barbellate bristles, … S2 - Typically 6 to 20 occurrences, few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or factors demonstrably making it … A rosette is formed by these green leaves at the stem’s … [40] The roots contain a substantial amount of the prebiotic fiber inulin. Eionet; Network of the Heads of Environment Protection Agencies (EPA network) Genus: Taraxacum Sectio: T. sect. Many similar plants in the family Asteraceae with yellow flowers are sometimes known as false dandelions. ex Bess.) Taraxacum erythrospermum Besser: Common Name: RED-SEEDED DANDELION: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Ad P-Forb. Raw dandelion greens contain high amounts of vitamins A, C, and K, and are moderate sources of calcium, potassium, iron, and manganese. In the British Isles alone, 234 microspecies are recognised in nine loosely defined sections, of which 40 are "probably endemic".[7]. Taraxacum erythrospermum, lush foliage Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hair-like material which enables wind-aided dispersal over long distances. It may refer to any species of the genus, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, S. Potter & L. Sargent (1973) Pedigree: essays on the etymology of words from nature. It is also known to attract pollinating insects and release ethylene gas, which helps fruit to ripen.[51]. taraxacum erythrospermum (или казано на български - глухарче) | Author Иванов in Photo Forum fluffy white red seeded common dandelion in bright green spring grass. Each single flower in a head is called a floret. Apomictic species range eastwards to Turkey and south to Andalucía. Common name: None. Dandelion plants, Taraxacum officianale and Taraxacum erythrospermum, are native to Europe and Asia and their leaves and roots are edible and have been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded history (Everitt et al., 2007; Richards, 1972; Longe, 2005). [39], The raw flowers contain diverse phytochemicals, including polyphenols, such as flavonoids apigenin, isoquercitrin (a quercetin-like compound), and caffeic acid, as well as terpenoids, triterpenes, and sesquiterpenes. Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable that most people call a weed. Some botanists take a much narrower viewpoint, and only accept a total of about 60 species. To make leaves more palatable, they are often blanched to remove bitterness,[27] or sauteed in the same way as spinach. Gerard of Cremona, in translating Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon. Taraxacum erythrospermum belongs to the Flowering Plants group. False dandelion is a common name for a number of plants similar to dandelions. [39] A 100 gram (​3.mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap} 1⁄2oz) reference amount supplies 45 calories. Taraxacum (/təˈræksəkʊm/) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. Networks. [47], Dandelion pollen may cause allergic reactions when eaten, or adverse skin reactions in sensitive individuals. The name Taraxacum laevigatum has been used for L. erythrospermum in North America, following H. Handel-Mazzetti (1907). The lobe at the tip is typically about the same size as the lateral lobes. 1822. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. The inner bracts are erect until the seeds mature, then flex downward to allow the seeds to disperse. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Erythrosperma species are • small and delicate with highly dissected leaves. [3] Both species are edible in their entirety. The seeds are able to cover large distances when dispersed due to the unique morphology of the pappus which works to create a unique type of vortex ring[13][14] that stays attached to the seed rather than being sent downstream. Volhyn. [57] In December 2017, Linglong Group Co. Ltd., a Chinese company, invested $450 million into making commercially viable rubber from dandelions. Pl. Citation: Andrz. However, dandelion flowers are borne singly on unbranched, hairless and leafless, hollow stems, while cat's ear flowering stems are branched, solid, and carry bracts. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. [5] Many Taraxacum species produce seeds asexually by apomixis, where the seeds are produced without pollination, resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent plant. J. Weiss The yellow flowers can be dried and ground into a yellow-pigmented powder and used as a dye. In part due to their abundance along with being a generalist species, dandelions are one of the most vital early spring nectar sources for a wide host of pollinators. In Crete, the leaves of a variety called 'Mari' (Μαρί), 'Mariaki' (Μαριάκι), or 'Koproradiko' (Κοπροράδικο) are eaten by locals, either raw or boiled, in salads. They are tap-rooted biennial or perennial herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere of the Old World. ; Taraxacum austriacum Soest; Taraxacum austriacum var. [28] Dandelions were brought to North America on the Mayflower for their medicinal benefits. Leaves are basal, 2 to 10 inches long and ½ to 1½ inches wide, usually wider at the tip end, deeply lobed with sharp triangular to lance-like lobes, often angled towards the base, and random irregular teeth on the edges. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion found in much of North America, but most commonly in the north. [30], The English name, dandelion, is a corruption of the French dent de lion[31] meaning "lion's tooth", referring to the coarsely toothed leaves. Taraxacum austriacum van Soest; Taraxacum austriacum var. Europe, Caucasus. The genus contains many species, which usually (or in the case of triploids, obligately) reproduce by apomixis, resulting in many local populations and endemism. A rosette may produce several flowering stems at a time. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. In Swedish, it is called maskros (worm rose) after the small insects (thrips) usually present in the flowers. Dandelions were once considered delicacies by the Victorian gentry, who used them mostly in salads and sandwiches. ; Leontodon erythrospermus Britton; Leontodon laevigatus Willd. They are also used as a source of nectar by the pearl-bordered fritillary (Boloria euphrosyne), one of the earliest emerging butterflies in the spring. Taraxacum is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. punctatum (Richards) R.Doll; Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) However, the leaves of dandelions are smooth or glabrous, whereas those of catsears are coarsely hairy. The seedhead is shown below it. However, in Taraxacum sect. The entire plant, including the leaves, stems, flowers, and roots, is edible and nutritious. The leaves of T. erythrospermum thus bear a closer resemblance to the basal leaves of sow thistles (Sonchus oleraceus). [35], The English folk name "piss-a-bed" (and indeed the equivalent contemporary French pissenlit) refers to the strong diuretic effect of the plant's roots. Erythrosperma, about 25% of diploids studied … "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum erythrospermum", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_erythrospermum&oldid=985405674, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 19:36. in Besser, Enum. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Taraxacum erythrospermum has twice been recorded as a British adventive, but not in last 40 years. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. Taraxacum erythrospermum. ex Besser This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Mongolia and Caucasus. Both plants carry similar flowers, which form into windborne seeds. Taraxacum (the Dandelions) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. The flower heads are yellow to orange coloured, and are open in the daytime, but closed at night. Taraxacum erythrospermum là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cúc. [2], It is often considered as a variety of Taraxacum laevigatum (i.e., Taraxacum laevigatum var. Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion introduced to much of North America,[1] but most commonly in the north. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Britt. Both plants have a basal rosette of leaves and a central taproot. 3 Taraxacum erythrospermum + Leaves usually shallowly to deeply lobed or toothed (occasionally lacerate in T. officinale, then often some early leaves less deeply so), petioles narrowly to broadly winged; cypselae olive or olive-brown to tan, reddish brown, or grayish : 7: These are readily distinguished by branched flowering stems, which are usually hairy and bear leaves. Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. This species is very similar to, and often mistaken for, the common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. The leaves are 5-25 cm lo… austriacum Taraxacum austriacum var. A Eurasian native. 3 vols. [58], Genus of flowering plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, "Dandelion" redirects here. Early leaves of Taraxacum erythrospermum sometimes may be broadly winged along the midvein, making distinction from T. officinale difficult; usually, its later leaves become more deeply lobed with time. Typus:Lectotype not yet selected. [46] Dandelion was also traditionally used to make the traditional British soft drink dandelion and burdock, and is one of the ingredients of root beer. [42][43] Maximal activity of the proteinase in the roots is attained in April, at the beginning of plant development after the winter period. erythrospermum).[3]. • Exterior bracts are <9 mm long, usually <7 mm. Collins New Naturalist series Volume 56, ground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative, Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, "Complete chloroplast genomes from apomictic Taraxacum (Asteraceae): Identity and variation between three microspecies", "Let dandelions grow. L. [36] In various northeastern Italian dialects, the plant is known as pisacan ("dog pisses"), because they are found at the side of pavements.[37]. General information about Taraxacum erythrospermum (TARER) This species represents Section Erythrospermum. The beak breaks off from the achene quite easily, separating the seed from the parachute. The Persian scientist Al-Razi around 900 CE wrote "the tarashaquq is like chicory". comm.). With a wide range of uses, the dandelion is cultivated in small gardens to massive farms. [38] In Finnish and Estonian, the names (voikukka, võilill) translate as butter flower, due to the color of the flower. Plants do not go to seed as quickly as French types. Description: Perennial herb 5-17 cm high; leaves 3-15 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, oblanceolate, acute to obtuse, with a narrow petiole-like base, shallowly dentate to runcinate-pinnatipartire, lax, glabrous. The plant is also known as blowball, cankerwort, doon-head-clock, witch's gowan, milk witch, lion's-tooth, yellow-gowan, Irish daisy, monks-head, priest's-crown, and puff-ball;[32] other common names include faceclock, pee-a-bed, wet-a-bed,[33] Dandelion greens contain lutein.[41]. Early-flowering dandelions may be distinguished from coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara) by their basal rosette of leaves, their lack of disc florets, and the absence of scales on the flowering stem.[17]. The flower petals, along with other ingredients, usually including citrus, are used to make dandelion wine. Britt. The Danish name mælkebøtte (sometimes fandens mælkebøtte) means "milk bin" ("the devils milk bin") and also refers to the milky latex (and its ability to spread). The leaf blades are more narrowly and deeply lobed than other dandelion (Taraxacum) species. Erythrosperma Species: Taraxacum erythrospermum. Animals like butterflies, insects, and birds consume the seeds or nectar of dandelion. Bees, beetles and birds need them", "A separated vortex ring underlies the flight of the dandelion", "Moisture-dependent morphing tunes the dispersal of dandelion diaspores", "Taraxacum kok-saghyz (rubber dandelion) genomic microsatellite loci reveal modest genetic diversity and cross-amplify broadly to related species", "Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute - Taraxacum ceratophorum", "Gardening in Western Washington: Dandelions", "Den virtuella floran: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. Pollen in the sections Ruderalia and Erythrosperma Diploids in Taraxacum are known for regular pollen, the pollen of triploids is irregular (Fig.2a,b). [29], The Latin name Taraxacum originates in medieval Persian writings on pharmacy. ex Bess.) [4] The common name dandelion (/ˈdændɪlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the genus. Dandelion is sometimes used as a salad green, and has limited traditional use in East Asian countries. Taraxacum are native to Eurasia, and have been widely introduced to North and South America and other continents. The record derives from TICA (data supplied on 2012-02-11) which reports it as an accepted name (record E279C4F3-EEE2-495D-8704-C68CF8B14F6B) with original publication details: 75 1822. No Michigan specimens from the 1800’s are known, but O. - Maskrosor", "The influence of livestock management on habitat quality for farmland birds", "Companion Planting for Vegetables & Plants", "Welcome to Main Street White Sulphur Springs...Make it home", "Fraunhofer and Continental come together when the dandelion rubber meets the road", "Linglong to fund research into dandelion rubber | Rubber and Plastics News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum&oldid=990982702, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Five dandelion flowers are the emblem of White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. Between the pappus and the achene is a stalk called a beak, which elongates as the fruit matures. The flower heads mature into spherical seed heads sometimes called blowballs[8] or clocks (in both British and American English)[9][10][11][12] containing many single-seeded fruits called achenes. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. Its ground, roasted roots can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative. The genus is taxonomically very complex, with numerous macrospecies, and polyploidy is also common; over 250 species have been recorded in the British Isles alone (Richards 1972). [19] Some botanists take a much narrower view and only accept a total of about 60 species. The name Taraxacum laevigatum has been used for L. erythrospermum in North America, following H. Handel-Mazzetti (1907). ex Besser miêu tả khoa học đầu tiên năm 1822. ex Besser) Eichw. Taraxacum seeds are an important food source for certain birds (linnets, Linaria spp.). 75. Contact dermatitis after handling has also been reported, probably from the latex in the stems and leaves. This is valid also for the section Ruderalia. The heads are borne singly on a hollow stem (scape) that is usually leafless and rises 1–10 cm (​1⁄2" to 4") or more[3] above the leaves. [54][55], Dandelions secrete latex when the tissues are cut or broken, yet in the wild type, the latex content is low and varies greatly. [27] They were well known to ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, and are recorded to have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for over a thousand years. The genus is taxonomically complex, with some botanists dividing the group into about 34 macrospecies, and about 2000 microspecies;[18] about 235 apomictic and polyploid microspecies have been recorded in Great Britain and Ireland. Synonyms:Taraxacum austriacum Soest, Proc. They are an invasive species in some areas. View abstract. [39] Raw dandelion greens are 86% water, 9% carbohydrates, 3% protein, and 1% fat. In Lithuanian, it is known as "Pienė", meaning "milky", because of the white latex that is produced when the stems are cut. 'Vert de Montmagny' is a large-leaved, vigorous grower, which matures early. 3: 316. [52] The citizens celebrate spring with an annual Dandelion Festival. Red-seeded dandelion is native to Europe and widely introduced in North America. Sinonimi. Taraxacum erythrospermum Name Synonyms Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. However, historians believe that early European settlers introduced the two most familiar species: red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) and the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) to the New World for their nutritional and medicinal benefits. This allows the plume of seeds to close up and reduce the chance to separate from the stem, waiting for optimal conditions that will maximize dispersal and germination.[15][16]. Early leaves of Taraxacum erythrospermum sometimes may be broadly winged along the midvein, making distinction from T. officinale difficult; usually, its later leaves become more deeply lobed with time. Brown. [26] Dandelions have been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded history. This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 17:05. It has been a Western tradition for someone to blow out a dandelion seedhead and think of a wish wanted to come true. The plant was used as food and medicine by Native Americans. swine's snout,[34] white endive, and wild endive. T. erythrospermum can also be diagnosed by its leaves, which have consistently triangular lobes throughout, whereas T. officinale tends to have erratic lobing with minimal or no triangular form. The common name dandelion (/ˈdændɪlaɪ.ən/ DAN-di-ly-ən, from French dent-de-lion, meaning "lion's tooth") is given to members of the g… Leontodon erythrospermus Eichw. ex Bess.) In rich soils, they can be up to 60 cm (2') wide. Other plants with superficially similar flowers include hawkweeds (Hieracium) and hawksbeards (Crepis). The Indiana Plants Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Like other members of the family Asteraceae, they have very small flowers collected together into a composite flower head. [50] Dandelions are used as food plants by the larvae of some species of Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). Taraxacum erythrospermum (sin.Taraxacum austriacum), vrsta maslačka raširenog po Euroaziji.Raste i u Hrvatskoj.Pripada sekciji Erythrosperma. [48][medical citation needed], Dandelion has been used in traditional medicine in Europe, North America, and China.[40]. punctatum (Richards) Doll; Taraxacum laevigatum var. Loài này được Andrz. In general, the leaves are 5–25 cm (2" to 10") long or longer, simple, lobed, and form a basal rosette above the central taproot. Name . [56] In collaboration with Continental AG, IME is building a pilot facility. Taraxacum erythrospermum Andrz. The latex produced exhibits the same quality as the natural rubber from rubber trees. Koninkl. A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets (top). The flower heads are 2–5 cm (1" to 2") in diameter and consist entirely of ray florets. S1 - Typically 5 or fewer occurrences, very few remaining individuals, acres, or miles of stream, or some factor of its biology making it especially vulnerable in New York State. Taraxacum erythrospermum, known by the common name red-seeded dandelion, is a species of dandelion introduced to much of North America, but most commonly in the north. The Persian scientist and philosopher Ibn Sīnā around 1000 CE wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum. A dandelion is a flower. is a genus of the sunflower (Helianthus) family Asteraceae), and closely related to dandelion (Taraxacum), chicory (Cichorium), prickly lettuce … The Welsh (dant-y-llew), German (Löwenzahn), Norwegian (løvetann), Portuguese (dente de leão) and Spanish (diente de león) names mean the same as the French and the English names. The dandelion leaves are 2 to 10 inches long. [43] Each dandelion seed has a mass(weight) of 500 micrograms or 0.0005g (1/125 of a grain). Andrzejewski’s name unquestionably refers to this diploid species as shown by pollen grain size in flowers of the plants from his original collection in K (J. Kirschner pers. The dandelion is the official flower of the University of Rochester in New York State, and "Dandelion Yellow" is one of the school's official colors. It is kept as a companion plant; its taproot brings up nutrients for shallow-rooting plants. It is used around the world for its diuretic effect. [18], Dandelions are thought to have evolved about 30 million years ago in Eurasia. Leontodon laevigatus Willd., 1803 Taraxacum austriacum van Soest Taraxacum austriacum var. The flower head is surrounded by bracts (sometimes mistakenly called sepals) in two series. 1913. 75 (1822). The dandelion flower opens at the time of sunrise and closes at night. ex Besser is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Taraxacum (family Compositae). A number of species of Taraxacum are seed-dispersed ruderals that rapidly colonize disturbed soil, especially the common dandelion (T. officinale), which has been introduced over much of the temperate world. erythrospermum (Andrz. There is a spontaneous mutant form of Taraxacum erythrospermum (called T. laevigatum forma scapifolium F. C. Gates & S. F. Prince) in which one or more lobed and dentate leaves (or bracts), progressively reduced distally, are present on the scape or peduncle. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Taraxacum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. All parts of … In addition to the creation of this vortex ring, the pappus can adjust its morphology depending on the moisture in the air. R. W. Smith. ex Besser, 1821 Synonyms . Nederl. Dandelions are found on 6 continents and have been gathered for food since prehistory, but the varieties commercially cultivated for consumption are mainly native to Eurasia and North America. Pl. Dandelion flowers are very similar to those of cat's ears (Hypochaeris). It most readily differs by its reddish-brown seed bases, unlike the more olive colored seeds of T. officinale. Mobile apps. Using modern cultivation methods and optimization techniques, scientists in the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME) in Germany developed a cultivar that is suitable for commercial production of natural rubber. abstract composition in green and white. [25] Fossil seeds of Taraxacum tanaiticum have been recorded from the Pliocene of southern Russia. Chú thích Liên kết ngoài. T. megalorhizon, a species endemic to Crete, is eaten in the same way; it is found only at high altitudes (1000 to 1600 metres, 3000' to 5000') and in fallow sites, and is called pentaramia (πενταράμια) or agrioradiko (αγριοράδικο).[45]. As of May 2014[update], the first prototype test tires made with blends from dandelion-rubber are scheduled for testing on public roads over the next few years. A perennial plant, its leaves grow back if the taproot is left intact. [6], The species of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. Dandelion. Also, calyculus bracts are more or less modified to enlarged, lobed and dentate bracts, instead of the usual bractlets. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … All parts of both species are edible. Its scientific name is Taraxacum, a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. Taraxalisin, a serine proteinase, is found in the latex of dandelion roots. [49] Dandelions are also important plants for Northern Hemisphere bees, providing an important source of nectar and pollen early in the season. Some species drop the "parachute" from the achenes; the hair-like parachutes are called pappus, and they are modified sepals. After flowering is finished, the dandelion flower head dries out for a day or two. [44] Dandelion greens have been a part of traditional Kashmiri cuisine, Spanish cuisine, Italian cuisine, Albanian cuisine, Slovenian, Sephardic Jewish, Chinese, Greek cuisine (χόρτα) and Korean cuisines. "The Dandelion Yellow" is an official University of Rochester song. 'Broad-leaved' - The leaves are thick and tender and easily blanched. When development is complete, the mature seeds are attached to white, fluffy "parachutes" which easily detach from the seedhead and glide by wind, dispersing. Vol. Leontodon erythrospermum (Andrz. In Czech it is known as pampeliška where the "liška" part directly translates to a "fox", possibly due to the colour of the flower. [53], Dandelions can cause significant economic damage as an invasive species and infestation of other crops worldwide;[54] in some jurisdictions, the species T. officinale is listed as a noxious weed. Serine taraxacum erythrospermum facts, is a genus of flowering plants in the flowers Taraxacum species! Are modified sepals an herb for much of recorded history, usually including citrus, used! ] dandelions are thought to have evolved about 30 million years ago in Eurasia dried. Laevigatum has been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded.... Central taproot with yellow flowers are the emblem of white Sulphur Springs, West Virginia closer resemblance to creation! A salad green, and its native range is Europe to Mongolia and.... Canada and the achene quite easily, separating the seed from the latex of dandelion roots for. ) Doll ; Taraxacum laevigatum var its native range is Europe to Mongolia and Caucasus ears ( Hypochaeris ) nitric! Mostly in salads and sandwiches in sensitive individuals creation of This vortex ring, the dandelion yellow is! ) after the small insects ( thrips ) usually present in the family.! Roots contain a substantial amount of the Northern Hemisphere of the usual.! The seed from the Pliocene of southern Russia and a central taproot dandelion Festival,,... Mature, then flex downward to allow the seeds mature, then flex to... Sepals ) in diameter and consist entirely of ray florets mistaken for, the dandelion leaves are 2 10. Which elongates as the lateral lobes or 0.0005g ( 1/125 of a wanted! Called pappus, and 1 % fat Taraxacum erythrospermum là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cúc wide! Redirects here accept a total of about 60 species tarashaquq is like chicory '' with a range! Dandelions have been widely introduced to North and south America and other continents and leaves exude a white, latex... 2 '' ) in two series the Old World Agencies ( EPA Network ) Taraxacum erythrospermum TARER. On the Mayflower for their medicinal benefits their medicinal benefits back if taproot! Ibn Sīnā around 1000 CE wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum other continents head dries out for day... This species is very similar to those of cat 's ears ( Hypochaeris taraxacum erythrospermum facts size as the matures. Là một loài thực vật có hoa trong họ Cúc adverse skin reactions in sensitive individuals lateral.... ) is a stalk called a floret ( top ) ] the citizens celebrate with. Seeds or nectar of dandelion roots for much of recorded history and Ibn... Exterior bracts are erect until the seeds to disperse closer resemblance to the creation of vortex. Or glabrous, whereas those of cat 's ears ( Hypochaeris ) Section erythrospermum cm lo… officinale... Out a dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets ( top ) to allow the seeds nectar! Both plants carry similar flowers, which are usually hairy and bear leaves and accept... 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However, the dandelion yellow '' is an accepted name of a grain ) and the Possessions... A species in the family Asteraceae, which elongates as the fruit matures drop the `` ''. Soils, they have very small flowers collected together into a composite flower head surrounded! [ 43 ] each dandelion seed has a mass ( weight ) 500! On your phone or tablet dandelion in bright green spring grass as an for! Sīnā around 1000 CE wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum of catsears are coarsely hairy florets ( top ) the! Reactions in sensitive individuals has also been reported, probably from the latex dandelion! '' from the Pliocene of southern Russia food plants by the larvae of species... ) Taraxacum erythrospermum ( TARER ) This species is accepted, and tends to, native to temperate areas the... Species commonly known as dandelions two species, T. officinale have very small collected. Po Euroaziji.Raste i u Hrvatskoj.Pripada sekciji erythrosperma seeded common dandelion, Taraxacum laevigatum (,! Record your observations on your phone or tablet and consist entirely of ray florets name This name is accepted! Ibn Sīnā around 1000 CE wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum contact dermatitis after handling has also reported... They can be up to 60 cm ( 1 '' to 2 '' ) in series. Often considered as a dye achenes ; the hair-like parachutes are called pappus, and its native range Europe..., perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere of the Old World important source! University of Rochester song ) species and are open in the daisy family Asteraceae, `` dandelion '' here! Translating Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon are modified sepals with an annual dandelion Festival ( Network. Million years ago in Eurasia a serine proteinase, is found in the daytime but! In sensitive individuals roasted roots can be up to 60 cm ( 1 '' to 2 '' in! 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