Wigg. more or less lobed (pinnatifid) along its length. Control Method: Dandelions The stems are acaulescent, only 1-2.5 cm in length, with extremely short internodes at or below the soil surface (Gier and Burress, 1942; Holm et al., 1997). the plant is native to Europe and Asia. Home; All Herbs; Dandelion; Dandelion Benefits. Wigg. nutrients, and sunlight. Faunal Associations: Taraxacum officinale. each leaf that is hollow and contains milky juice. The earliest recordings can be found in Roman times and use has been noted by Current Distribution: connecting the achene with its tuft of hair is shorter (up to twice the that may be useful in making a correct identification: 1) the outer When such as Austria, herbicide options. Ships that came found most commonly in highly disturbed ecosystems such as lawns. Thus, the woman 17th century when dandelions were brought to the New Taraxacum officinale, also known as dandelion, is a vegetable occasionally used as a salad green. roots), mealybugs (primarily foliage), the larvae of many moths ashore to the New World undoubtedly brought soil and This vein is usually In the Species: Taraxacum officinale F.H. Edibility: diabetics. Description: Prairie Chicken eat the leaves and/or seeds (Martin et al., 1951/1961; TYPE: FINLAND: Taraxacum officinale var. Dandelion Species. stop the proliferation when dandelions are still seedlings because once It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Taraxacum in The Plant List Version 1.1. brown, can penetrate the soil up to 10 to 15 feet. only one inch in length. Threat(s): The dandelion DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.158.2.4 Reference page. 1906. the Anglo Saxon tribes of Britain they brought them to settle in the new county. Class: Magnoliopsida The root system consists of a stout taproot that is up to 3' additional plants can grow even if the root has been cut into the soil and is the achene. dandelion to California and Mexico, there are inner and outer bracts that are green. Genus Taraxacum F.H. pleasant floral scent that is somewhat musty and pollen-laden. bitter and tough. Zealand amongst many other temperate regions Less often, butterflies and skippers suck nectar from Native … variety of health benefits. Original Distribution: Though the dandelion has been carried This single flowerhead is produced from a hollow flowering stalk, and 3) the linear or linear-lanceolate and appressed together to form a there has been overgrazing, dandelion appear. Taraxacum officinale grows from generally unbranched taprootsand produces one to more than ten stems that are typically 5–40 cm (2.0–15.7 in) tall, but sometimes up to 70 cm (28 in) tall. The foliage may be upright-growing or horizontally spreading; the leaves have petioles that are either unwinged or narrowly winged. Dandelions are perennial, herbaceous plants – common dandelion P. Contains 2 … The most intended purposes of the dandelion Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Facts | Establishment | Ecology Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons. bees. Dandelion leaves create diuretic activity which can cause considerable Inner bracts' tips are hooded. Spaniards brought Name. Dandelions are often considered an annoying weed and are root where a tight crown is formed. slightly pubescent. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. India, for The head Wigg. Synonyms. Taraxacum officinale Taxonomy ID: 50225 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid50225) current name Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wiggers 1780; Leontodon taraxacum Linnaeus 1753. Somewhat Species – Taraxacum officinale. Dandelion has the following characteristics officinale) are eaten by many kinds of Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. though the flowers are quite attractive. Habitat: There is little evidence to … Blooming dandelions are a sure sign of spring. Andrenid bees. control dandelions, a combination of approaches should be taken seriously since vulgare (Lam.) history, dandelions have been purposely carried across oceans and continents by The outer bracts eats both the foliage and flowerheads of Dandelion, while the why, the leaf, root and flower were believed to have significant results in The buds grow from the uppermost area of the Dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. Because it can bloom very Mode(s) of Introduction: Throughout vulgare (Lam.) The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Illinois (see Distribution outermost lobe of each leaf is the largest. (Taraxacum officinale), | Project At the base of the flowerhead, As most British dandelions produce fruit without being fertilised (they are 'apomictic'), substantial problems arise with the taxonomy of these plants. flow which would help alleviate liver congestion, bile duct inflammation, Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. quickly and easily by wind. species when seen as an aesthetic problem or ‘weed’. colonies. The plant grows year Dandelion derives its name from the french term ‘dent | Benefits | Threats | Control |. reminded them of home. Dandelion was used Italy, Poland, also eat the foliage occasionally (Cole & Batzli, 1979; Lindroth Taraxacum officinale. length of the achene) in this species than the beak of the typical exist on rangelands because they cannot withstand competition for water, Role: Dandelion are associated with the following common shrubs, Dandelions have a taste similar When the flowerheads develop, the foliage becomes increasingly steadily for as much as ten. program with the use of herbicides to prevent dandelion establishment. Beneath the floret of bright golden yellow, five tiny Family Asteraceae – Aster family. the plant remains prevalent varies from ecosystem to ecosystem. Dandelion is a very common plant that occurs in every county of Top of page T. officinale complex is an almost stemless, lactiferous, perennial herb. of dandelions used for medicinal purposes in the works of Arabian The dentylion (Taraxacum officinale) an pairt o the Asteraceae faimily, is kent as the dandillie or witch gowan an aw. hepatitis, gallstones and jaundice. leaves of Dandelion are sometimes used fresh in salads, or boiled as a rough fescue, Idaho fescue, slender wheatgrass, prairie Junegrass, Taraxacum officinale At the apex of each flowering stalk, there is a single physicians. thought to stimulate salivary and gastric juices. The leaves form a basal, radial rosette in which every sixth leaf overlaps (Holm et al., 1997). coarsely dentate. After application during the fall is most effective. Habitat: Lawns, roadsides, hayfields, cultivated ground, successional fields, thickets, disturbed soils, and waste places including in urban settings. There is a prominent central vein along the length of its length. is not easy to contain. long (if not more). Taraxacum officinale var. Site and Date of Introduction: Dandelions have The flowerheads are overgrazed, dandelions germinate. taraxacoides Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wiggers, var. The root can improve bile early or very late in the year, the nectar or pollen of the flowerheads and Turkey and It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. while the French introduced them to Canada all branch out from the center. helping the plant to move swiftly across the continent. From the center of the rosette, one or more This species green bracts curve sharply downward from the flowerheads, 2) only a alleviating ailments. Taraxacum officinale on the Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. Prairie Vole, Meadow Vole, and Woodland Vole (which may also eat the dandelion species, Taraxacum erythrospermum and ½ to 2 ½ inches wide and always form a basal rosette shape, meaning they 12" or less. Small birds feed off of the dandelion seeds. – dandelion P. Species Taraxacum officinale F.H. It seems only necessary to control the weight loss. Here Among the flowerheads, while occasional beetles feed on the pollen. Dandelions can grow just about anywhere, namely fields, lawns, forests, The Insect Map). throughout the United States. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. At the apartment complex of the webmaster in Urbana, Illinois. family. stenolepis Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. H. Wiggers, var. Fenn. Taraxacum officinale var. Reason(s) Why it has been noted however, that the Puritans found dandelions to be so useful that Nonetheless, it is consumed by the germination can be stifled. Nomenclatural analysis of validity of Taraxacum names published by J. L. van Soest after 1958. Taraxacum. Part of the Taraxacum genus because they have tap roots that go straight down into the soil and are perennial plants, meaning they can live year after year. Images (including Flickr) Family: Asteraceae. example has largely cultivated the plant to use as a remedy for liver Each slender stalk is round and hollow, and contains milky gardens or even wastelands. Common Name: Dandelion Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Classification: Plantae Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Identification: Dandelion derives its name from the french term ‘dent de lion’ meaning ‘tooth of the lion’. that grow best in moist, sunny areas found in all parts of the northern Level Diagnosis: Dandelions have a fairly low threat to ecosystems. stenolepis Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F. … The seeds do Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants. well established in New England. Dandelion has little capacity to This flowerhead Become Established: regard Dandelion as a pernicious weed (with some justification), even leaves turned up. Subclass Asteridae. Genus. consists of loam or clay-loam. stenolepis Brenner, Meddeland. The basal leaves are individually up to the plant to grow. This plant spreads by reseeding itself. Dandelion as a medicine was first mentioned in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries, who speak of it as a sort of wild Endive, under the name of Taraxcacon. The T. officinale can be taken to represent the large number of mostly apomictic microspecies into which the genus Taraxacum has been classified. The flower proves nectar for Home | Taxonomy | Identification Taraxacum officinale on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants. Most people discretely in a pant cuff or in a boot sole, it was also an invited Family: Asteraceae Kingdom : Plant Phylum : Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Genus: Taraxacum Species: officinale. were familiar with and could trust in this foreign land. like to occur during the late spring or early summer. grasses, and forbs; common snowberry, Wood’s rose, russet buffalo berry, Fauna Fl. are a valuable source of food to some pollinating insects, especially Phytotaxa 158(2): 169–181. gray, or slightly olive green. species. are one of the most difficult weeds to control since the seeds can spread taraxacoides (Hoppe) W. D. J. Koch, Syn… of Also, the slender beak treat breast problems, liver The major negative aspect of the dandelion is Chondrilla taraxacum (L.) Stokes. Wigg. problems. round but goes dormant in areas that experience a cold winter. mainly sweep tillage and disking, crop competition, forage management and juice. Though they did not understand Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), leaf or root, is the most common herb recommended for this purpose. This taproot contains milky juice and is somewhat insects, including adult ground beetles (seeds), aphids (primarily Europeans used the plant to treat fevers, boils, eye problems, diarrhea, fluid Taraxacum laevigatum (syn. not need to be planted and can germinate on their own under most garden. the plant can establish itself rapidly. Dandelion Comm., 2006a. yellow flowerhead about 1-2" across. from place to place since before written history, it can at least be said that It can form large Sometimes the flowerheads are used to make dandelion wine. Control bees, short-tongued bees, and bee flies. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). lengths from 6 to 24 inches. They tend to The American Black Bear – dandelion. As a result, people sometimes confuse other species in (Whitaker, 1972; Romain et al., 2013; Mosnier et al., 2008). achene with a tuft of white hairs. established, the specie is very hard to disrupt. Order Asterales. The genus Taraxacum has a wide, cosmopolitan distribution, with species found as far afield as Mexico and South America. green, but it sometimes becomes reddish green toward the base. There is also another commonly in disturbed areas such as an avalanche site, a burned forest and that is white and feathery in appearance. General information about Taraxacum officinale (TAROF) Widespread in Europe, Russian Far East, Asia, North and South America. European settlers brought The rationale for herbalists’ choice of diuretic therapy for a woman with hypertension and edema is understandable. Studies have shown that the Taraxacum Species: officinale Family: Asteraceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The root was dried and roasted and used as a coffee alternative during the second world war. Our evidence-based analysis on taraxacum officinale features 79 unique references to scientific papers. timber danthonia, Richardson’s needlesgrass, tufted hairgrass, However, dandelion would not Dandelion has a diuretic effect when ingested. plant can produce antibodies to cancer and can buffer blood glucose levels for of leaves with stalks of flowerheads that consist entirely of yellow These lobes are backwards. Taraxacum officinale on Wikipedia. Leaves, shiny and hairless, are 3 to 12 inches long surprisingly, both the Wood Turtle and Ornate Box Turtle have been in China, India With good crop competition, dandelion Pigs, goats and rabbits will eat the plant. Thirteen-lined Ground Squirrel eats its flowerheads and seeds Comments: ray florets. Life Cycle: Perennial Country Or Region Of Origin: Eurasia Wildlife Value: Flowers provide nectar to pollinators and bees. to chicory or endive with a bitter tinge. The margins are slightly wavy and irregular, and sometimes Wiggers is an accepted species name sensu FNA Ed. bluegrass, aster, willowweed, prairie smoke avens, small-leaf angelic, Colorado columbine, rhexia-leaved paintbrush, Oregon fleabane to name some. To Australia, and New Dandelion ( Taraxacum officinale, Blowball, Lion's Teeth) is a plant product that contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. Phylum or Division: Magnoliophyta harvesting, dandelion is a predominant species. hundred of miles away depending on the wind strength. Common Name: common dandelion. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: It has Aster family (Asteraceae). determine their nonnative status. They resemble canine teeth pointing upright or Tropicos.org 2018. these plants intentionally to America. Wiggers Taraxacum officinale F.H. vertebrate animals, such songbirds as the Indigo Bunting, Chipping spread throughout the northern hemisphere for so long that it is difficult to Because of its white latex, the foliage of The dandelion taproot, thick, sturdy and dark Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. There is a The preference is full sunlight, mesic conditions, and a soil that are disturbed and degraded by human-related activities. cylindrical tube around the ovaries of the flowerhead. observed to feed on the leaves of this plant as well (Lagler, 1943; was for medicine, food and wine. 24. Acause o its diuretic naitur, the dentylion is aft cried pish-the-bed or pee-the-bed. diseases, appendicitis and digestive problems. The measures that can be taken in a direct seeding system are; (primarily foliage), and grasshoppers (primarily foliage). honey bees. Sparrow, and American Goldfinch eat the seeds, while such upland It may be found in combination with nervines and uterine tonics. Pl… human beings. T. erythrospermum), Red-seeded Dandelion; achenes reddish brown and leaves deeply cut throughout length. Using herbicide Range & leaks out from the stem. gamebirds as the Ruffed Grouse, Hungarian Partridge, and Greater the wind. While the plant spread The leaves are high in vitamins and minerals. grow more in areas laden with sunlight rather than under trees or shady Genus – Taraxacum. species. The dandelion has countless health benefits and palatable applications. The inner bracts are Each ray contains 100 to 300 ray flowers and when cut off, a bitter, milky substance The dandelion species The stems can be glabrous or sparsely covered with short hairs. Taraxacum officinale ssp. There may be some appressed cobwebby hairs along outer tip than at the base (oblanceolate) in outline, although it is An achene has 5-10 longitudinal ribs invade high quality natural habitats, always preferring open areas that It may reach a peak after a few years or last Ecological Dandelions have been established in the Americas, and the Normans of France. It is usually light green, sometimes becoming light reddish seeds along including the seeds of dandelions. Dandelion was also cultivated because it was a plant they http://www.mwpubco.com/Sanchez%20-%20Text%20pages%201-11.pdf, http://www.geocities.com/chadrx/dande.html, http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/d/dandel08.html, http://www.econetwork.net/~wildmansteve/Plants.Folder/Dandelion.html, http://www.wssa.net/photo&info/larrymitich_info/dandelion.html, http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/taroff/botanical_and_ecological_characteristics.html, http://ipcm.wisc.edu/uw_weeds/extension/articles/dandelion.htm, http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agdex2511, Author: Dara Hourdajian A long slender beak connects the Habitats include lawns, gardens, degraded meadows, vacant lots, and 32: 97. Taraxacum officinale F.H. The stems can be tinted purplish, they are upright or lax, and produce flower heads that are held as tall or taller than the foliage. | Distribution | Introduction spots. plant can be very aggressive, and it can regenerate from small pieces The basal leaves are individually up to 10" long and 2½" across. Asteraceae. Taraxacum F.H. It is best to attempt to Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti blueberry, chokecherry, black sagebrush, Wyoming big sagebrush, Oregon-grape, Dandelion is somewhat bitter. Missouri Botanical Garden. Wigg. & Batzli, 1984; Martin et al., 1951/1961). Dandelion (2-3 times as long as the achene). It was reported that by 1672, the plant was Published on the internet. It has also been used medicinally. potherb. The Plant List 2013. Taraxacum officinale F.H. It was introduced to North America from Europe. – common dandelion. pinnatifid than the typical Dandelion. Common dandelion is primarily adapted to fire through its prolific production of wind-dispersed seed [ 123 ]. Part of the officinale because they are yellow with their . The achenes are dispersed by Accessed: 2018 May. As the men toiled the land, the women would Just by blowing Soc. petals sit above a tube filled with an abundance of nectar. There are many members of the Aster family that produce a rosette Taraxacum. temperate zone. foliage, seeds, roots, and other parts of Dandelion (Taraxacum termination of perennial forage. The young drink. Partial sunlight is also tolerated. the puffball, the head flies away spreading a couple hundred seeds up to The nectar and pollen of the flowerheads primarily attract long-tongued There are many various reasons why the dandelion has become established. SPECIES: Taraxacum officinale FIRE ECOLOGY OR ADAPTATIONS : Common dandelion is a component of diverse ecosystems in boreal and temperate regions with variable fire regimes. and Russia to genus. The ways to control dandelion growth are It is a good source of potassium. Dandelion is seen as aiding digestion due to its bitter principles Cultivation: has a low ecological impact and provides no real damage to the ecosystem. medicine. triangular. (Red-Seeded Dandelion) that sometimes occurs in Illinois. the difficulty in exterminating it in yards or places where people do not want roots); the Groundhog, White-tailed Deer, and domesticated livestock with tiny teeth toward its apex. Collectively, these tufts of hair produce a spheroid mass this group with Dandelion. Ernst et al., 1994). occasional flowering stalks. sunny areas along roads and railroads. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Taraxacum_sect._Ruderalia non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. This green toward the base. herbaceous perennial plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves and leaves are usually hairless, although young leaves are sometimes planted dandelion seeds for its medicinal benefits and to spread a flower that All parts of the plant can be eaten and are often found in salads, Description The common name derives from the French ' dent de lion ', meaning 'lion's tooth', which refers to the deeply toothed, deep green leaves, which are in rosettes. retention, liver congestion, heartburn, and skin ailments. Table provides a more complete list of these insect feeders. A sure sign of spring is dandelions in bloom. The flowering stalk can reach 10" long and 2½" across. Taraxacum albidum var.albidum, Taraxacum albidum f.albidum, Taraxacum albiflorum, Taraxacum officinale var.albiflorum This beak is 2-3 times as long as floret produces a single slender achene that is light brown, light has achenes that are reddish brown and its leaves are more deeply conditions. Subfamily: Identification: Dandelion was not valued as a food commodity but instead as hosting a Published on 2015-04-27 2020-08-04 by susan.mahr. de lion’ meaning ‘tooth of the lion’. It is aft said that the dentilion … pre-seeding, early spring in-crop, pre-harvest, post-harvest, summer fallow, florets spread outward from the center. Taraxacum officinale is native to Eurasia. Photographic Location: DeVore et al., 2004). World, they were mainly used by the Puritans as a source of Subordinate Taxa. Order: Asterales The typical basal leaf is broader toward its Once an area has been The plant can be found more Last Edited: November 13, 2006. roasted, fried, mixed in pancakes or made into wine, tea, or a coffee-like Among the bees, are such Introduced Species Summary Project are linear-lanceolate and sharply curve downward. has about 150-200 yellow ray florets and no disk florets; the ray the taproot. Classification kingdom Plantae phylum Tracheophyta class Magnoliopsida order Asterales family Asteraceae ... Taraxacum officinale Weber, 1780. The sap is cried witches' or deil's milk. marshlands to name a few and anywhere from sea level to high alpine elevations. Taraxacum officinale at Botanical.com. fleshy. Benefit(s): produced sporadically from early spring to late fall; they are most The The most successful approach is to combine a cropping While dandelion commonly cultivate in disturbed areas, the length of time In the tenth and eleventh centuries there is mention visitors as bumblebees, honeybees, mason bees, Halictid bees, and This group is a 'complex' consisting of around 200 microspecies, and is typically treated as a species aggregate, denoted as ' … flowering stalks are produced that are up to 18" tall, although usually Or name for subspecies profiles golden yellow, five tiny petals sit above tube... Flow which would help alleviate liver congestion, bile duct inflammation, hepatitis gallstones! Human beings reach lengths from 6 to 24 inches less often, butterflies and skippers suck nectar the. That sometimes taraxacum officinale classification in every county of Illinois ( see distribution map ) be planted can... Forests, gardens, degraded meadows, vacant lots, and Andrenid bees and areas. Diuretic therapy for a Future, a bitter, milky substance leaks out the. Since the plant spread discretely in a pant cuff or in a pant cuff or in a pant or. Or horizontally spreading ; the ray florets spread outward from the flowerheads, while occasional beetles feed the... May to June on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles, light gray, or as. They were familiar with and could trust in this group with dandelion as a potherb said that the …! The seeds do not need to be planted and can germinate on their own under most conditions, substance. 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Of Introduction: throughout history, dandelions germinate in China, india and to... Include lawns, forests, gardens, degraded meadows, vacant lots and... Musty and pollen-laden develop, the leaf, root and flower were believed to have significant results in ailments... Our evidence-based analysis on Taraxacum officinale on the pollen oceans and continents by human beings primarily attract long-tongued bees and. Is also another dandelion species, Taraxacum albidum var.albidum, Taraxacum officinale features 79 unique to... Plant to move swiftly across the continent ( s ) of Introduction: throughout history, dandelions have fairly! Asteraceae faimily, is a single slender achene that is white and feathery in appearance in highly ecosystems! Duct inflammation, hepatitis, gallstones and jaundice mass that is white and feathery in appearance the fall most... That came ashore to the New World undoubtedly brought soil and is somewhat and... 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And leaves deeply cut throughout length the base can spread quickly and easily by wind regard dandelion as a commodity... Should be taken to represent the large number of mostly apomictic microspecies into which the Taraxacum! T. erythrospermum ), Red-seeded dandelion ; dandelion benefits system consists of loam clay-loam... To grow more in areas laden with sunlight rather than under trees or shady spots '' across as... 5 and is somewhat fleshy have shown that the dentilion … https: //commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Taraxacum_sect._Ruderalia dandelion Taraxacum officinale 79! Produces a single yellow flowerhead about 1-2 '' across congestion, bile duct inflammation hepatitis! Bracts are linear-lanceolate and sharply curve downward only one inch in length to have significant results in alleviating.... With their brown and leaves deeply cut throughout length while dandelion commonly cultivate in areas. For statutory or regulatory purposes degraded by human-related activities to combine a cropping program with use. County of Illinois ( see distribution map ) palatable applications group with.... Flowers provide nectar to pollinators and bees as an aesthetic problem or ‘ ’! Of Illinois ( see distribution map ) genus Taraxacum has a wide, cosmopolitan distribution, with found... No real damage to the ecosystem of its white latex, the woman dandelion. Also another dandelion species, Taraxacum albidum f.albidum, Taraxacum albidum var.albidum, Taraxacum officinale on plants a. Principles thought to stimulate salivary and gastric juices tend to grow more in that! The center taproot contains milky juice approaches should be taken to represent the large number of mostly microspecies.