The voyage of 1501–02 is of fundamental importance in the history of geographic discovery in that Vespucci himself, and scholars as well, became convinced that the newly discovered lands were not part of Asia but a “New World.” In 1507 a humanist, Martin Waldseemüller, reprinted at Saint-Dié in Lorraine the “Quattuor Americi navigationes” (“Four Voyages of Amerigo”), preceded by a pamphlet of his own entitled “Cosmographiae introductio,” and he suggested that the newly discovered world be named “ab Americo Inventore…quasi Americi terram sive Americam” (“from Amerigo the discoverer…as if it were the land of Americus or America”). Vespucci's father worked as a notary in Florence. “America” is a feminine Latin term for his surname Amerigo. Explorer Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca spent eight years in the Gulf region of present-day Texas and was treasurer to the Spanish expedition under de Narváez. The suggestion caught on; the extension of the name to North America, however, came later. The Vespuccis were a prominent family and friends with the powerful Medicis, who ruled Italy for more than 300 years. American eponym. When Vespucci was 24 years old, his father pressured him to go into business. Although Vespucci subsequently helped to prepare other expeditions, he never again joined one in person. Amerigo Vespucci was an explorer from Europe. The remainder of the voyage is disputed, but Vespucci claimed to have continued southward, and he may have sighted (January 1502) Guanabara Bay (Rio de Janeiro’s bay) and sailed as far as the Río de la Plata, making Vespucci the first European to discover that estuary (Juan Díaz de Solís arrived there in 1516). Later Vespucci was to collaborate, still with Berardi, in the preparation of a ship for Columbus’s second expedition and of others for his third. Vespucci was the son of Nastagio, a notary. Italian explorer Christopher Columbus discovered the 'New World' of the Americas on an expedition sponsored by King Ferdinand of Spain in 1492. (This is the second expedition of the traditional series.) The period during which Vespucci made his voyages falls between 1497 and 1504. Amerigo Vespucci. He was born into an old family, having lived in the same mansion for over two hundred years. The father of Ser Nastagio (Anastasio) Vespucci had the name Amerigo Vespucci also. Two series of documents on his voyages are extant. While searching for the mythical fountain of youth, Juan Ponce de León founded the oldest settlement in Puerto Rico and landed on the mainland of North America, a region he dubbed “Florida.”. Although born in Italy, Vespucci became a naturalized citizen of Spain in 1505. Learn about Amerigo Vespucci: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. Born on March 9th, 1454 in Florence, Italy, Amerigo Vespucci was a prominent Italian explorer, cartographer, merchant, navigator and financier. Vespucci was employed by the Florentine Medici family as a representative for their operations in Seville, Spain. On the way back he reached Trinidad, sighted the mouth of the Orinoco River, and then made for Haiti. On June 10, 1503, sailing again under the Portuguese flag, Vespucci, accompanied by Gonzal Coelho, headed back to Brazil. The controversial letter indicates that the ships sailed through the West Indies and made their way to the mainland of Central America within approximately five weeks. While his older brothers headed off to the University of Pisa in Tuscany, Vespucci received his early education from his paternal uncle, a Dominican friar named Giorgio Antonio Vespucci. On May 14, 1501, Vespucci departed on another trans-Atlantic journey. Amerigo Vespucci is best known for his observation that the lands that constitute modern-day Brazil and West Indies were not a part of Asia as initially believed, but an entirely different continent hitherto unknown to Europeans. According to a theory of Alberto Magnaghi, on the contrary, these documents are to be regarded as the result of skillful manipulations, and the sole authentic papers would be the private letters, so that the verified voyages would be reduced to two. The question is fundamental for the evaluation of Vespucci’s work and has given rise to fierce controversy; attempts to reconcile the two series of documents cannot generally be considered successful. The Americas are generally believed to have derived their name from the feminized Latin version of his first name. He is famous for being the first explorer to argue out that Brazil and West Indies were not in Eastern Asia. Spanish explorer and conquistador Francisco Pizarro helped Vasco Núñez de Balboa discover the Pacific Ocean, and after conquering Peru, founded its capital city, Lima. On his third and most successful voyage, he discovered present-day Rio de Janeiro and Rio de la Plata. As soon as he was back in Spain, he equipped a fresh expedition with the aim of reaching the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of the Ganges (modern Bay of Bengal), and the island of Taprobane or Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). On February 22, 1512, Vespucci died of malaria in Seville, Spain. Vespucci held the position for the remainder of his life. He was just a month shy of 58 years old. After a halt at the Cape Verde Islands, the expedition traveled southwestward and reached the coast of Brazil toward Cape St. Augustine. Later, he moved on to a banking business in Seville, Spain, where he formed a partnership with another man from Florence, named Gianetto Berardi. When Vespucci was in his early 20s, another uncle, Guido Antonio Vespucci, gave him one of the first of his many jobs. Believing he had discovered a new continent, in a letter to Florence, Vespucci called South America the New World. [a] Signature . America was named after Amerigo Vespucci, a Florentine navigator and explorer who played a prominent role in exploring the New World. The first series consists of a letter in the name of Vespucci from Lisbon, Portugal, dated September 4, 1504, written in Italian, perhaps to the gonfalonier (magistrate of a medieval Italian republic) Piero Soderini, and printed in Florence in 1505; and of two Latin versions of this letter, printed under the titles of “Quattuor Americi navigationes” and “Mundus Novus,” or “Epistola Alberici de Novo Mundo.” The second series consists of three private letters addressed to the Medici. Amerigo Vespucci, or simply Vespucci as many people would recall his name, is an Italian explorer and navigator. Amerigo Vespucci was the “founder,” of America. Vespucci's real historical importance may well be more in his letters, whether he wrote them all or not, than in his discoveries. Amerigo Vespucci. Other accounts indicate that Vespucci's fourth journey was his last. In this article, we will post a few facts for you about Amerigo Vespucci and his fascinating life. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Amerigo Vespucci was born March 9, 1454 in Florence, Italy to Nastagio and Lisabetta Vespucci. The Americas are named for him though he was not the first European to visit North or South America. While in the service of Spain, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan led the first European voyage of discovery to circumnavigate the globe. Unfortunately they were unable to pronounce “America” properly, so he became known as Amerigo. Vespucci decided to start recording his accomplishments, writing that accounts of his voyages would allow him to leave "some fame behind me after I die.". He was the steward in the house of Lorenzo de Medici in 1483. Vespucci’s ships anchored at Lisbon on July 22, 1502. Amerigo Vespucci (also known as Americus Vespucci) was born in 1454, in Florence, Italy. Amerigo Vespucci, (born 1454?, Florence, Italy—died 1512, Sevilla, Spain), merchant and explorer-navigator who took part in early voyages to the New World (1499–1500, 1501–02) and occupied the influential post of piloto mayor (“master navigator”) in Sevilla (1508–12). © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The Amerigo Vespucci, an Italian Navy training ship, which was dedicated to the famous explorer and is still being used today. On returning, Vespucci entered the “bank” of Lorenzo and Giovanni di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici and gained the confidence of his employers. Guido Antonio Vespucci, who was ambassador of Florence under King Louis XI of France, sent his nephew on a brief diplomatic mission to Paris. He was born into an old family, having lived in the same mansion for over two hundred years. Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador who explored Central America, overthrew Montezuma and his vast Aztec empire and won Mexico for the crown of Spain. Under Portuguese auspices Vespucci completed a second expedition, which set off from Lisbon on May 13, 1501. Amerigo was especially interested in one star in particular amd he was sure it was to be fixed to the South Pole just as the North Star is fixed to the North Pole. When he was working there, he was often sent to Seville in Spain. 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