The eastern most corner of Ethiopia receives very little rainfall at any time of year. Signs of trouble began to surface early in the year. Figure 6: Composites of daily 200hPa stream function and wind anomalies for dry (left) and wet (right) , significant at the 95% confidence level (student’s t-test). The three seasons are locally known as Bega (October to January), Belg (February to May) and Kiremt (June to September). Any crop harvested between March and August is considered a belg season crop; although a shorter season, belg crops are critical to food security in some areas. The February–May rainfall season, locally known as Belg, contributes up to 40% of the annual rainfall over northeastern, central and southwestern Ethiopia. Bega (Winter) - December, January and February are the dry season with frost in morning specially in January. The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative The Belg season is characterized by significant inter‐annual and intra‐seasonal variability. Ethiopia is a mountainous country with a rugged topography and is affected by Mediterranean low- Most administrative zones in SNNPR (Konso, Derashe, Burji, Amaro kello, north Omo and Kembata Tambaro), South Tigray, North and Northwest Shoa, South & North Wollo, Bale, West Arsi, Guji, Borena and West Haraghe are considered as Belg growing areas. But in 2015, after a false start the Belg rains came a month late in northern and central Ethiopia. Most parts of Belg dependent areas in SNNPR, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) is most likely from October 2019 to May 2020 due to below-average harvest associated with localized insecurity and conflict. Belg is the short rainy season for northeast, east, central and southern highland while, main rainy season for south and southeast portions. The long rains/Gu rainfall season in bimodal areas of the region has generally exhibited a slightly early or timely start, including in Kenya, Uganda, Somalia, Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, Burundi, and Rwanda. Bega (Winter): October, November, December and January are the Bega season. Criteria used for start of season for agro-pastoral (pastoral) areas was a dekad with 25 mm (10 mm) rainfall followed by two consecutive dekads with cumulative rainfall of 20 mm (5 mm). Astrophysical Observatory. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle. 25/02/2020. Indeed, during the Belg season, barley is the most widely grown cereal, and it covers about 27% …a short rainy season, the belg, in March and April. Short and moderate rainfall occurs during these months. The results show that there are areas, both pastoral and agro-pastoral, in the north-east region of Ethiopia that have lost up to 5 dekads from the total length of rainy season and up to 60% of the median rainfall. Dekadal (ten-day totals) rainfall time series (1981-2017) were extracted for administrative zones. These substantial rainfall declines highlight that other changes to growing season climate, e.g. Key Messages. The belg (short season) rains in Ethiopia have been erratic during the past 3 to 5 years occurring very late or failing altogether in most regions. Belg is the main rainy season for south and south-eastern regions of Ethiopia. Flood incidences reported during the belg season Flood incidences were reported from Somali, Oromia, SNNP and Afar regions as well as from Dire Dawa City Council. Central and south-west regions have rather mild weather at March with about 27 °C (81 °F) while east and south-eastern portion of the country are way hotter with up to 35 °C (95 °F) of temperature of air. Food insecurity intensifies despite late and erratic Gu/Gena/Belg season rainfall. The Belg rainfall season in southwestern Ethiopia has had a timely onset, while a slight delay is observed in central and northern Ethiopia. Belg (Autumn) - September, October and November are the spring season sometime known as the harvest season. In Ethiopia there are three season’s classified based on temperature and rainfall activity during the entire season. Cross-border swarm movements with Kenya and breeding continues . Agreement NNX16AC86A, Is ADS down? However, the below normal Belg season production, conflict and climate-induced displacement, high food prices, and the long dry spell in the northeastern pastoral areas will likely affect the food security situation resulting in about 6.7 million people expected to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse. The Belg rainfall is less reliable than the rainfall during the Kiremt sea-son. In Ethiopia: Climate …a short rainy season, the belg, in March and April.May is a hot and dry month preceding the long rainy season (kremt) in June, July, and August.The coldest temperatures generally occur in December or January (bega) and the hottest in March, April, or May (belg).However, in many… Ethiopia: Meteorology Agency Forecasts Normal and Above Rainfall in Most Parts. The Zone is characterized by a distinctive bi-modal rainfall regime, locally known as kiremt and belg seasons.Kiremt is the big rainy season usually extending from June-to-September, and belg is the small rainy season extending from February-to-May (National Meteorological Services Agency of Ethiopia/NMSA 1996; Degefu 1987; Korecha and Barnston 2007; Conway 2000a, 2000b). In Ethiopia: Climate …dry season known as the bega; this is followed by a short rainy season, the belg, in March and April.May is a hot and dry month preceding the long rainy season (kremt) in June, July, and August.The coldest temperatures generally occur in December or January (bega) and the…Read More Its contribution exceeds 50% over southern and southeastern Ethiopia. However, in many…. The Belg/Gu/Ganna season in Ethiopia stretches from February to June and contributes 50-65% of the annual rainfall for the south-southeastern and up to 40% to the northeastern-eastern parts of the country. Spring in Ethiopia. • The current growing season (May-October 2015) in East Africa (Sudan and Ethiopia region) which is ending now has developed under a strengthening El Nino event. increasing evaporative demand, might have also occurred and additionally harmed vegetation growth. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Kiremt is main rainy season across much of the Ethiopia except south and southeast of the country. We investigate this using a reference evapotranspiration dataset based on MERRA-2 reanalysis. (or is it just me...), Smithsonian Privacy of oxen (Khairo et al. Use, Smithsonian Belg season of Ethiopia (Figure 5e-h and 6e-h). Occasionally at March and first half of April there is season of short showers. The two main crop seasons in Ethiopia are the belg and meher seasons which receive rainfall from February to June and from June to October, respectively. Notice, Smithsonian Terms of Seasonal rainfall in Ethiopia… Onset, Cessation and Dry spells of Belg Season of Ethiopia _____ _____ 11 3.3 Dry Spell The occurrences of dry spells within the Belg season and for each months of the season were identified for a threshold of less than 1mm per day within a Belg season’s months. Belg is the main rainy season for south and southeast regions of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa - The Government of Ethiopia is racing against time to control Desert Locusts as the February – May Belg season starts. ‘Belg’ season is the main rainfall season yielding 100‐200mm per month, followed by a lesser rainfall season in October to December called ‘Bega’ (around 100mm per month). The meher crop season is the main season and produces 90-95 percent of the nation’s total cereals output, and the belg harvest provides the remaining 5-10 percent of cereal output. What also arrived was a particularly strong El Niño, associated with the warming of equatorial waters in the P… The 2020 secondary season “Belg” harvest concluded in August, with about one month of delay. Belg (autumn) - September, October and November are the spring season also known as harvest time. Tseday (Spring) - March, April and May are the autumn season with occasional showers. NOW 50% OFF! The Ministry of Farming and Environmental Resource has announced that it expects a little over 93 million quintal of crops, fruits and vegetable and root crops this Belg season, up by three million quintal as compared to similar harvesting season last cropping year. The end of season was identified as the last dekad with 10 mm or more before the 2nd dekad of June. Belg: February, March, April, May are the months in the Belg season. We used a combination of CHIRPS improved rainfall data using the GeoCLIM tool, with stations provided by National Meteorological Agency (NMA). The meher crop season is the main season and produces 90-95 percent of the nation’s total cereals output, and the belg harvest provides This is the dry season. This study examines trends in Belg rainfall over the past 37 years, documenting changes in rainfall characteristics including the start and end of the season, the duration, spatial and temporal distribution, and rainfall totals. Microclimatic Zones of Ethiopia the federal democratic republic of ethiopia central statistical agency agricultural sample survery 2015/16 (2008 e.c) volume v report on area, production and farm management practice of belg season crops for private peasant holdings addis ababa july, 2016 578 statistical … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Consequently, the belg harvests of the past years wrought nothing or only minimal production. The February to May “Belg” rainy season was characterized by above‑average cumulative precipitation amounts, but had an erratic temporal distribution over most “Belg” receiving areas, including eastern Amhara and eastern Oromiya regions. The Belg/Gu/Ganna season in Ethiopia stretches from February to June and contributes 50-65% of the annual rainfall for the south-southeastern and up to 40% to the northeastern-eastern parts of the country. As a result farmers cannot harvest tef every year at the end of the Belg season in contrast to the more dependable Kiremt season. Bega (winter) - December, January and February are the dry season with occasional frost in the mornings especially in January. The seasonal climate outlook issued for each season in the early month of the season. 2005). 2020 Belg season flood incidences and response The overlap of the kiremt season with the extended belg season in some areas will add to already ongoing flood and landslide incidents. • In Ethiopia, the Belg season (February to May) was affected by a severe drought resulting in poor crop and pasture production. Annual start and end of season dekad for pastoral and agro-pastoral regions were then calculated. Farmers waited for the Belg rains that generally occur between February and May in the central and eastern parts of the country (Figure 1). Also, seasonal totals were calculated for the period 1st dekad of February to the 2nd dekad of June. ... Belg Season will not have negative impact in causing either flood or drought it was pointed out. About 10 percent of the Ethiopian population depends completely on this season to provide rainfall for crops and pastures. May is a hot and dry month preceding the long rainy season (kremt) in June, July, and August. Africa Communities in Ethiopia's Somali Region face chronic drought linked to climate change. Our analysis finds decreases in seasonal rainfall totals in many parts of the Belg regions, based on extensive station data blended with the Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) data. Annual length of the rainfall season was calculated from these dates. The coldest temperatures generally occur in December or January (bega) and the hottest in March, April, or May (belg). 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