But in 2015, after a false start the Belg rains came a month late in northern and central Ethiopia. Kiremt is main rainy season across much of the Ethiopia except south and southeast of the country. Dekadal (ten-day totals) rainfall time series (1981-2017) were extracted for administrative zones. Its contribution exceeds 50% over southern and southeastern Ethiopia. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Belg season is characterized by significant inter‐annual and intra‐seasonal variability. Belg: February, March, April, May are the months in the Belg season. Africa Communities in Ethiopia's Somali Region face chronic drought linked to climate change. However, in many…. The seasonal climate outlook issued for each season in the early month of the season. The Ministry of Farming and Environmental Resource has announced that it expects a little over 93 million quintal of crops, fruits and vegetable and root crops this Belg season, up by three million quintal as compared to similar harvesting season last cropping year. As a result farmers cannot harvest tef every year at the end of the Belg season in contrast to the more dependable Kiremt season. The Zone is characterized by a distinctive bi-modal rainfall regime, locally known as kiremt and belg seasons.Kiremt is the big rainy season usually extending from June-to-September, and belg is the small rainy season extending from February-to-May (National Meteorological Services Agency of Ethiopia/NMSA 1996; Degefu 1987; Korecha and Barnston 2007; Conway 2000a, 2000b). Ethiopia is a mountainous country with a rugged topography and is affected by Mediterranean low- • In Ethiopia, the Belg season (February to May) was affected by a severe drought resulting in poor crop and pasture production. Seasonal rainfall in Ethiopia… The Belg/Gu/Ganna season in Ethiopia stretches from February to June and contributes 50-65% of the annual rainfall for the south-southeastern and up to 40% to the northeastern-eastern parts of the country. The Belg rainfall season in southwestern Ethiopia has had a timely onset, while a slight delay is observed in central and northern Ethiopia. The end of season was identified as the last dekad with 10 mm or more before the 2nd dekad of June. Bega (Winter) - December, January and February are the dry season with frost in morning specially in January. 25/02/2020. Most administrative zones in SNNPR (Konso, Derashe, Burji, Amaro kello, north Omo and Kembata Tambaro), South Tigray, North and Northwest Shoa, South & North Wollo, Bale, West Arsi, Guji, Borena and West Haraghe are considered as Belg growing areas. Our analysis finds decreases in seasonal rainfall totals in many parts of the Belg regions, based on extensive station data blended with the Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) data. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle. Bega (Winter): October, November, December and January are the Bega season. Indeed, during the Belg season, barley is the most widely grown cereal, and it covers about 27% The results show that there are areas, both pastoral and agro-pastoral, in the north-east region of Ethiopia that have lost up to 5 dekads from the total length of rainy season and up to 60% of the median rainfall. 2020 Belg season flood incidences and response The overlap of the kiremt season with the extended belg season in some areas will add to already ongoing flood and landslide incidents. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. What also arrived was a particularly strong El Niño, associated with the warming of equatorial waters in the P… Despite enhanced rainfall in the second dekad of May 2019 over many areas of Ethiopia… Signs of trouble began to surface early in the year. We investigate this using a reference evapotranspiration dataset based on MERRA-2 reanalysis. In Ethiopia: Climate …dry season known as the bega; this is followed by a short rainy season, the belg, in March and April.May is a hot and dry month preceding the long rainy season (kremt) in June, July, and August.The coldest temperatures generally occur in December or January (bega) and the…Read More Short and moderate rainfall occurs during these months. The Belg rainfall is less reliable than the rainfall during the Kiremt sea-son. This study examines trends in Belg rainfall over the past 37 years, documenting changes in rainfall characteristics including the start and end of the season, the duration, spatial and temporal distribution, and rainfall totals. Food insecurity intensifies despite late and erratic Gu/Gena/Belg season rainfall. These substantial rainfall declines highlight that other changes to growing season climate, e.g. increasing evaporative demand, might have also occurred and additionally harmed vegetation growth. We used a combination of CHIRPS improved rainfall data using the GeoCLIM tool, with stations provided by National Meteorological Agency (NMA). cropping season and Ethiopia’s meher zone covers the western part of Tigray, Amhara, Oromia and SNNP Regions. season (FAO/WFP CFSAM Ethiopia 2008). of oxen (Khairo et al. Also, seasonal totals were calculated for the period 1st dekad of February to the 2nd dekad of June. • The current growing season (May-October 2015) in East Africa (Sudan and Ethiopia region) which is ending now has developed under a strengthening El Nino event. The three seasons are locally known as Bega (October to January), Belg (February to May) and Kiremt (June to September). GLOBAL CHANGEDE: 6309 Decision making under uncertainty. Belg (autumn) - September, October and November are the spring season also known as harvest time. May is a hot and dry month preceding the long rainy season (kremt) in June, July, and August. (or is it just me...), Smithsonian Privacy Onset, Cessation and Dry spells of Belg Season of Ethiopia _____ _____ 11 3.3 Dry Spell The occurrences of dry spells within the Belg season and for each months of the season were identified for a threshold of less than 1mm per day within a Belg season’s months. The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative ... Belg Season will not have negative impact in causing either flood or drought it was pointed out. The belg (short season) rains in Ethiopia have been erratic during the past 3 to 5 years occurring very late or failing altogether in most regions. Annual length of the rainfall season was calculated from these dates. Farmers waited for the Belg rains that generally occur between February and May in the central and eastern parts of the country (Figure 1). In Ethiopia: Climate …a short rainy season, the belg, in March and April.May is a hot and dry month preceding the long rainy season (kremt) in June, July, and August.The coldest temperatures generally occur in December or January (bega) and the hottest in March, April, or May (belg).However, in many… In Ethiopia there are three season’s classified based on temperature and rainfall activity during the entire season. Belg is the main rainy season for south and southeast regions of Ethiopia. The Belg/Gu/Ganna season in Ethiopia stretches from February to June and contributes 50-65% of the annual rainfall for the south-southeastern and up to 40% to the northeastern-eastern parts of the country. The long rains/Gu rainfall season in bimodal areas of the region has generally exhibited a slightly early or timely start, including in Kenya, Uganda, Somalia, Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, Burundi, and Rwanda. Agreement NNX16AC86A, Is ADS down? However, the below normal Belg season production, conflict and climate-induced displacement, high food prices, and the long dry spell in the northeastern pastoral areas will likely affect the food security situation resulting in about 6.7 million people expected to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse. Belg is the short rainy season for northeast, east, central and southern highland while, main rainy season for south and southeast portions. The February–May rainfall season, locally known as Belg, contributes up to 40% of the annual rainfall over northeastern, central and southwestern Ethiopia. About 10 percent of the Ethiopian population depends completely on this season to provide rainfall for crops and pastures. This is the dry season. Bega (winter) - December, January and February are the dry season with occasional frost in the mornings especially in January. Key Messages. Central and south-west regions have rather mild weather at March with about 27 °C (81 °F) while east and south-eastern portion of the country are way hotter with up to 35 °C (95 °F) of temperature of air. Occasionally at March and first half of April there is season of short showers. Spring in Ethiopia. The two main crop seasons in Ethiopia are the belg and meher seasons which receive rainfall from February to June and from June to October, respectively. Belg is the main rainy season for south and south-eastern regions of Ethiopia. Figure 6: Composites of daily 200hPa stream function and wind anomalies for dry (left) and wet (right) , significant at the 95% confidence level (student’s t-test). The coldest temperatures generally occur in December or January (bega) and the hottest in March, April, or May (belg). Consequently, the belg harvests of the past years wrought nothing or only minimal production. The meher crop season is the main season and produces 90-95 percent of the nation’s total cereals output, and the belg harvest provides Belg (Autumn) - September, October and November are the spring season sometime known as the harvest season. Criteria used for start of season for agro-pastoral (pastoral) areas was a dekad with 25 mm (10 mm) rainfall followed by two consecutive dekads with cumulative rainfall of 20 mm (5 mm). The eastern most corner of Ethiopia receives very little rainfall at any time of year. Annual start and end of season dekad for pastoral and agro-pastoral regions were then calculated. However, some areas affected by conflict bordering Oromia are likely to deteriorate to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) between February and May 2020 period. 2005). Flood incidences reported during the belg season Flood incidences were reported from Somali, Oromia, SNNP and Afar regions as well as from Dire Dawa City Council. NOW 50% OFF! Tseday (Spring) - March, April and May are the autumn season with occasional showers. Most parts of Belg dependent areas in SNNPR, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) is most likely from October 2019 to May 2020 due to below-average harvest associated with localized insecurity and conflict. Notice, Smithsonian Terms of The meher crop season is the main season and produces 90-95 percent of the nation’s total cereals output, and the belg harvest provides the remaining 5-10 percent of cereal output. Belg season of Ethiopia (Figure 5e-h and 6e-h). Use, Smithsonian The February to May “Belg” rainy season was characterized by above‑average cumulative precipitation amounts, but had an erratic temporal distribution over most “Belg” receiving areas, including eastern Amhara and eastern Oromiya regions. the federal democratic republic of ethiopia central statistical agency agricultural sample survery 2015/16 (2008 e.c) volume v report on area, production and farm management practice of belg season crops for private peasant holdings addis ababa july, 2016 578 statistical … …a short rainy season, the belg, in March and April. Any crop harvested between March and August is considered a belg season crop; although a shorter season, belg crops are critical to food security in some areas. Astrophysical Observatory. Microclimatic Zones of Ethiopia The two main crop seasons in Ethiopia are the belg and meher seasons which receive rainfall from February to June and from June to October, respectively. 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